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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Stigma: stigma,-atis (s.n.III), acc.sg. stigma, abl.sg. stigmate, nom. & acc.pl. stigmata, gen.pl. stigmatum, dat.& abl.pl. stigmatibus [>L. stigma,-atis s.n.III, a Greek word: spot or mark]; “that surface of a style, usually at its extremity, to which the pollen adheres when it fertilizes the ovules” (Lindley); “1. That part of the pistil or style which receives the pollen; 2. a point on the spores of Equisetum; 3. a caducous point on the apex of the columella in Mosses; 5. an old name for sterigma; 5. a colored spot in unicellular Algae” (Jackson); the term stigma is also used for 'eye spot: stigma,-atis (s.n.III), acc.sg. stigma, abl.sg. stigmate, nom. & acc.pl. stigmata, gen.pl. stigmatum, dat.& abl.pl. stigmatibus [> L. stigma,-atis (s.n.III), spot or mark, a brand, a burned in mark > Gk. stigma,-atos (s.n.III), “the mark of a pointed instrument [a prick, puncture], a tatto-mark, brand; also stigmE (s.f.I), a spot, point (Liddell & Scott];

- stigma filiforme decurrens 5 mm. longum, c. 1 mm diametro, antheros multo superantia, stigma threadlike decurrent 5 mm. long, around 1 mm in diameter, surpassing the anthers by much.

- stigmata 3, brevia, lata, 2-dentata v. 2-fida (B&H), stigmas 3, short, broad, 2-toothed or bifid.

- stigmata (v. styli rami stigmatosi) 6, crassiuscula, linearia, 2-fida(B&H), stigmas (or stigmatose branches of the style) 6, somewhat thick, linear, twice divided.

- et stigmatibus et staminibus glabris, rubris vel purpureis, both stigmas and stamens glabrous, red or purple.

- stigma indivisum, capitatum vel clavatum, parvum punctiforme, stigma undivided, capitate or club-shaped, small reduced to a mere point.

- fructus sepalis concrescentibus reliquias stigmatis gerentibus subtentus, fruit subtended by the grown-together sepals bearing the remnants of the stigma.

- stigma angustatum vel dilatum, obsolete bilobum, cinerascens, album vel pallide viride, stigma narrowed or dilated, faintly bilobed, grayed, white or pale green.

- stigmatibus infra apicem styli farctis vel interdum aetate excavatis, with the stigmas below the apex of the style solid or sometimes with age hollowed.

- stigma aequaliter bilamellatum, lamellis (vel styli lobis) ovatis vel oblongis 2-4 mm. longis intus stigmatosis, stigma evenly two-lamellate, with the lamellae (or lobes of the style) ovate or oblong 2-4 mm. long on the inside stigmatic (Stearn).

- stylus clavatus, stigmate terminali vel sublaterali vel prope apicem laterali, style club-shaped with stigma terminal or almost lateral or near the apex lateral (Stearn)

- stigmata radii e corolla exserta, disci inclusa, stigmas of the ray-area from the corolla exserted, of the disc included (Stearn).

- stylus filiformis, indivisus, stigmate subgloboso disciformi oblongo v. elongato, terminali obliquo v. laterali (B&H), style filiform, undivided, with the stigma nearly globose disc-shaped oblong to elongate, terminal oblique or lateral .

- stigmata terminalia vel lateralia, nunc parva punctiformia nunc per styli lobos excurrentia, stigmas terminal or lateral, sometimes small, punctiform, sometimes running out along the lobes of the style.

- stigmata ramosa ramis duobus vel tribus, linearibus, capillaceis, 1 mm longis vel minus, stigmas branched, with two or three branches linear, hair-like, 1 mm long or less.

- stylus apice indusio cupulato stigma includenti instructus, style at the tip with cup-like indusium enclosing the stigma provided (Stearn).

- stylus nunc indivisus, stigmate rotundato in discum expanso, nunc apice in lobos 2 vel 3 brevissimos intus stigmatosos divisus, style sometimes undivided, with stigma rounded into a disc expanded, sometimes at the tip into lobes 2 or 3 very short on the inside stigmatic divided (Stearn).

- stigmata flava breviter multifida vel integra antheros multo superantia, stigmas yellow shortly multifid to entire the anthers by much overtopping (Stearn)..

- stigmata unum ad tria indivisa purpurea plumosa pilis simplicibus vel ramosis, stigmas one to three, undivided, plumose, with hairs simple or branched (Stearn).

Rostellum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. rostello: “a narrow extension of the upper edge of the stigma of certain Orchids” (Lindley); “a little beak; a slender extension from the upper edge of the stigma in Orchids” (Fernald 1950).

Spongiola,-ae (s.f.I) pistillaris (adj.B), abl. sg. spongiola pistillari, “(obsol.) the stigma” (Lindley).

Stigmata (pl. of stigma,-atis (s.n.III) “the points of the basisia of Fungals” (Lindley).

Vulva,-ae (s.f.I) vegetabilium [gen. pl.], the vulva of plants, “(obsol.) a Linnean name for the stigma” (Lindley); see volva.

NOTE: the stigma of mosses (Hook. Musc. ed 2) is the mouth of the archegonium (Jackson).

Stigmatonotus australis; a fish; Stigmatophora micans, a moth; Stigmaphorus tesselatus, a beetle; Stigmatidium difficile (a copepod); Eucapnopsis stigmatica, a plecopterid; Buprestis chrysostigma, a beetle; Physostigma venenosum, the Calabar bean; Stigeoclonium flagelliferum, an alga (Brown 1956).

Fungal genera: Stigmatodothis; Stigmatolemma; Stigmatomassaria; Stigmatomyces; Stigmatopeltis; Stigmatophragmia; Stigmatula; Stigmochora; Stigmopeltella; Stigmopeltis.
-stigma,-atis (s.n.III): in Gk. comp., referring to the stigma, a point or a mark or spot;

- Acanthostigma,-atis (s.n.III) de Not., ‘with spiny mark.’

Derivative diminutive generic names: Acanthostigmella,-ae (s.f.I); Acanthostigmina,-ae (s.f.I).

Algae genera: Chrysostigma, Distigma; Eudistigma; Mesostigma; Microstigma, Paradistigma, Polystigma.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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