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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Squamella, “a scale-like membranous bract, such as is found very commonly on the receptacle of Composites” (Lindley); a diminutive scale or bractlet; small scales as on the costa of a fern; a small, dry bract on the torus (receptacle, disc) of a capitulum in Compositae; “1. a scale of the second order, or reduced in size, as in the disk of Composites, 2) = lodicules” (Jackson): squamella,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. squamella, nom. pl. squamellae, acc. pl. squamellas [> L. dim. of squama,-ae (s.f.I); perhaps synonymous in some instances with squamula,-ae (s.f.I), in graminoids, or squama,-ae (s.f.I);

- squamellis costalibus angustis rubro-brunneis, with costal squamellae narrow, red-brown.

- FUIRENA. squamellas hypogynas 3, latae, saepe stipitatae, interdum cum setis totidem alternantes, rarius minutae v. evanidae (B&H), hypogynous [i.e. seated below the ovary] squamellas 3, wide, often stalked, sometimes alternating with as many bristles, more rarely minute or ephemeral.

- [Scirpeae] setae v. squamae hypogynae dum adsint 6 v. pauciores, rarius oo, filiformes v. planae (B&H), hypogynous bristles or scales, when they may be present 6 or fewer, more rarely [numerous], filiform or flat.

- [Olmediella] stamina numerosa, receptáculo subplano imposita, squamellis nonnullis glanduliformibus v. virescentibus intermixta, (B&H), stamens numerous, seated on an almost flat receptacle, intermixed with some glanduliform or greenish squamellae [i.e. small or secondary scales].

- pappo florum foemineorum nullo, hermaphroditorum e squamellis 9-11 oblongo-cuneatis constante (F. Mueller), with the pappus of the female flowers none, of the hermaphrodite [flowers] composed of 9-11 oblong-cuneate squamellas.

- coronae squamae a latere compressae concavae v. cucullata, introrsum squamella v. ligula auctae (B&H), the scales of the corona compressed from the side, concave or cucullate, increased on the inside by a small scale [squamella] or a ligule.

- [Tacazzea: Asclepiadeae] coronae squamae 5, setaeco-ligulatae, squamellis utrinque brevissimis latis stipatae (B&H), scales of the corona 5, bristle-ligulate, stalked with squamellae on both sides very short, wide.

- [Cyperaceae] perianthium perfectum 0 (nisi in Oreobulo), sed in floribus [hermaphroditicis] generum nonnullorum adsunt setae v. squamellae 6 v. pauciores rarius plures hypogynae dictae, sed semper extra stamina affixae saepeque sub-2-seriatae, quae verisimiliter perianthio homologae (B&H), a perfect [i.e. complete in all parts] perianth none (except in Oreobolus), but in [hermaphroditic] flowers of some genera the setae or squamellae are 6 or fewer, more rarely many, called hypogenous, but always attached beyond the stamens and often almost 2-seriate [i.e. in 2 rows], and which are very likely homologous to a perianth.

- [Gramineae (B&H): saepius lodiculae 2 v. 3, squamellas parvae hyalinae v. carnosulae, quarum 2 liberae lateralesque v. pone axin a rhachilla spiculae aversae et plus minus connatae, more often 2 or three lodicules, small hyaline or somewhat fleshy scalets, 2 of which are free and lateral or behind the axis on the other side from the rhachilla of the spikelet, and more or less fused.

Lodicule, paired, rudimentary scales below the ovary of a grass flower representing the reduced perianth; the lodiculae, “the hypogynous scales of Grasses” (Lindley): lodicula,-ae (s.f.I).

Squamella,-ae (s.f.I): used by some authors for colleter: colletera,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. colletera: colleter, mucilaginous hairs on the buds of many phanerogams which secrete gum (Jackson).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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