www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects
 
Introduction


Browse by Keyword


Search


Abbreviations


Bibliography


Resources


A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Sphalerocarpium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. sphalerocarpio: “a bony one-seeded, seed-vessel, inclosed in a fleshy cup, not belonging to the pericarp” (Lindley); see aril [> Gk. sphaleros,-a,-on (adj.A), “likely to make one stumble or trip; slippery, perilous, treacherous > sphallW: to make to trip, to overthrow by tripping up].

“In the Yew (Taxus baccata) and other plants belonging to the Taxaceas, an order closely allied to the Coniferae and Cycadacese, the so-called fruit is in reality not a fruit at all, as it consists simply, as demonstrated by Sir Joseph Hooker, of a naked seed, surrounded, except at the apex, by a fleshy cup or aril. This so-called fruit has been termed a Sphaerocarpium. Properly speaking, even if regarded as a fruit, it does not belong to the class of Collective fruits at all, as it is formed of but a single flower. We have placed it here, following Lindley's arrangement, and because, like the two preceding fruits [Cone and Galbulus], its essential character consists in its naked seed. Some other fruits are, however, included by Lindley and others with this under the name of Sphalerocarpium.” (Bentley).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
© 1995-2017 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support