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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Solum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. solo: lowest part, bottom; pavement, floor (as of a house; the ground level); soil (esp. cultivated), ground, earth, land; the bottom or bed (of a river, ditch, trench or cavity); the foundation, bottom, base; the particular soil of a land, place, of a race (= territory, region, place, country); see soil; see habitatio,-onis (s.f.III); see terra,-ae (s.f.I); cf. tellus,-uris (s.f.III);

- solum terrae, the soil of the earth or ground.

- ad solum minerale habitat, it dwells on mineral (i.e. inorganic, or infertile) soil, i.e. lacking in organic material, stony, rocky soil.

- solum natale (adj.B), solum patrium (adj.A): habitat, birth place, paternal soil, native soil, native country.

- solum maris (gen.sg. mare), bottom of the sea.

- in solo, on the ground.

- supra solum instabilem hydromorphicum, above unstable, hydromorphic soil.

- solum paludosum, swampy or marshy soil; solum siccum, dry soil.

- ad solum dirutum, destroyed or broken down to the ground.

- solum immum stagni, the deepest bottom [i.e. bed] of a swamp.

- in Epilobio tetragono, colore subochraceo, solo aprico sicciusculo, on Epilobium tetragonum, with a subochraceous color, on open somewhat dry soil.

- incolit loca maritima Jamaicae, solo calcareo(Swartz), it inhabits maritime places of Jamaica, on calcareous soil.

- [fungus] var. a, sylvas passim incolit ; b, solum laxius praefert cultum arvorum et hortorum, in quibus haud infrequens occurrit (S&A), the var. a, everywhere inhabits forests; [var.] b. prefers the looser cultivated soil of arable fields and gardens, in which it hardly infrequently occurs.

- [fungi] praeter fimum vaccinum etc., quem copiose vere humido colere solet , solo etiam pingui stercoroso hortensi vel sylvatico , rarius truncis putridissimis (S&A), in addition to cow dung etc., which it is wont copiously to inhabit, also rich manured gargen or woodland [i.e. native] soil, more rarely on the most rotten trunks.

- solum proscindere terrae, to plough up the soil of the ground.

- (plural) recente terrae sola sanguine maculans, spotting the lands of the earth with fresh blood.

- sola dura (adj.A): hard soils

- solum exile (adj.B) et macrum (adj.A), a soil that is meagre [i.e. sterile] and poor [i.e. barren].

- solum incultum et derelictum, ground that is uncultivated and abandoned

- solum viride (adj.B), a green soil, i.e. fertile.

- solum densum (adj.A): dense ground.

- saturare limo pingui sola, to saturate [i.e. drench] the grounds with a rich muck [i.e. manure].

- solum pulvereum, dusty soil.

NOTE: not to be confused with forms solus, sola, solum (irregular adj.A), q.v., ‘alone;’ also not to be confused with solum (adv.), q.v., 'only.'

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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