www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects
 
Introduction


Browse by Keyword


Search


Abbreviations


Bibliography


Resources


A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Shrub, bush, “a woody perennial, smaller than a tree, usually with several stems” (Fernald 1950): frutex,-icis (s.m.III), abl.sg. frutice, nom. & acc. pl.frutices, dat. & abl. pl. fruticibus; batus,-i (s.f.I), abl. sg. bato, = Gk. batos, the blackberry-bush; Batus Idaea, the raspberry-bush (Rubus idaeus); dumus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. dumo 'thorn-bush, bramble'; sentis,-is (s.c.III), abl. sg. sente, nom. & acc. pl. sentes, dat. & abl. pl. sentibus: a thorn-bush, briar, esp. Rosa canina but also brambles, q.v., usually plural; a brake of thorny bushes; thamn-, thamno-, -thamnius,-a,-um (adj.A): (in Gk. comp.) -bush, -shrub [> Gk. thamnos (s.m.II), a bush, shrub], usually describing a habit with many branches (bushy); cf. suffrutex,-icis (s.m. III) 'half-shrub'; v. shrublet; see bramble, bush, thicket; see arbuscula,-ae (s.f.I), frutex,-icis (s.m.III); see herb, tree;

NOTE: arbustum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. arbusto: “a shrub; that is to say, a woody perennial plant, having no distinct bole, but only a collection of woody branches” (Lindley);

- microthamnius,-a,-um (adj.A), microthamnious, full of small branches.

- frutex omnino glaber ramosissimus sempervirens ad 1 m. altus, ramulis hornotinis ancipitibus, shrub entirely glabrous much branched evergreen to 1 m. high, with this year's branchlets 1 m. high, with this year's branchlets two-edged (Stearn).

- frutex dioecius, effusus, ramossimus; shrub dioecious, straggling, much branched.

- Herbae, suffrutices aut frutices sarmentosi (DeCandolle), herbs, subshrubs or shrubs bearing stolons [i.e. long, trailing branches].

- in montosis atque regionibus alpinis, inter frutices ad rupes vel ad terram lapidosam humidiusculam per totam Europam (Mueller), in mountanous [places] and alpine regions, among bushes, on rocks or on stony ground, somewhat moist, throughout all Europe.

NOTE: A woody, climbing vine, such as a liana is a ‘scandent shrub:’ frutex scandens, abl. sg. frutice scandente; see liana.

NOTE: frutex,-icis (s.m.III), arbuscula,-ae (s.f.I), fruticulus,-i (s.m.II): “a plant with a woody stem, not growing three times as high as a man, and branched very near the ground.” (S. Gray).

dumus,-i (s.m.II),“a low shrub much branched at the bottom” (S. Gray).

suffrutex,-icis (s.m.III), “A woody plant, without buds which is not an arm’s length in height” (S. Gray).

Halothamnus,-i (s.m.II), Saltbush, > Gk. (h)als, ‘salt’ + thamnos, ‘bush;’ Rhodothamnus,-i (s.m.II), > Gk. rhodo-, ‘red’ + thamnos, a dhrub; “from the rosy flowers of this alpine shrub. Ericacese” (Stearn 1996).

Thamnobryum, a pleurocarpous moss in reference to the bushy habit with a stipe below a branching crown.
shrub-like, shrubby: arbusculiformis,-e (adj.B) 'resembling a small tree;' see shrubby.
Shrub with tree-like form, small tree: arbuscula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. arbuscula.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
© 1995-2017 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support