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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

serotinus,-a,-um (adj.A), serotinalis,-e (adj.B): serotinous, serotinal, late-coming, late-maturing, late to leaf or to flower or to appear; in or of the evening; 'produced late in the season, or the year, as in autumn' (Jackson; also S&D); late in flowering or ripening (Stearn 1996); “that comes or happens late, late-ripe, late, backward; in the evening” (Lewis & Short): serotinus,-a,-um (adj.A, serotinalis,-e (adj.B); opp. praecox, q.v.; see coaetaneus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘with flowers all of the same age;’ see serus,-a,-um (adj.A) 'late;' see tardus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘slow;’ see evening;

- matutinus et serotinus imber, early morning and late [i.e. evening] rain.

- imber serotina, the later rainy season [imber, gen. sg. imbris (s.m.III), rain, rainy season].

- tempora serotina, the hours of the evening.

- dies serotina, the evening, ‘late day’

- autunmo serotino et vere, in late autumn and spring.

- autumno maxime serotino, in extremely late autumn.

- autumno praesertim serotino: Oct. Nov (S&A), in autumn, especially late (autumn).

- baccae parvae virescentes serotinae (DeCandolle), berries small, greenish, serotinous [i.e. late in ripening].

- planta serotina floret Augusto! (Boissier), the plant late-blooming, flowering in August!

- [Odontites] differt ab O. verna et serotina pubescentia viscosa, (Boissier), it differs from O. verna and O. serotina by the viscous pubescence.

- [fungi] serotinus est noster, sed descriptioni Persoonianae ceterum exacte aggruus, locis suis passim obvius Octobri, Novembri (S&A), our (fungus-species) is late-developing, but it otherwise agrees precisely with the Persoonian description, everywhere encountered in its [own special] places in October, November.

- [fungus] arcte caespitosus vel fascicularis truncis putridis praeprimis abietinis innascitur fungus serotinus (S&A), a late-developing fungus tightly caespitose or in fascicles, arises primarily on rotted fir trunks.

- folium solitarium, radicale, serotinum, crasse petiolatum (B&H), the leaf solitary, basal, late-coming, thickly petiolate.

- [fungi] in stipitibus Anethi graveolentis siccis: autumno serotino et vere (S&A), on the dry stalks of Anethum graveolens: in late autumn and in spring.

- [fungi] serotinam habuimus exeunte Octobri(S&A), we have had it late at the end of October.

Auctumnus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. auctumno: autumn.

matutinus,-a,-um (adj.A): of or belonging to the morning, “happening early in the morning” (Lindley).

vernus,-a,-um (adj.A): vernal, pertaining to spring.

vespertinus,-a,-um (adj.A), vesperalis,-e (adj.B), vespertinalis,-e (adj.B): evening-blooming, opening, appearing or expanding in the evening, belonging to the evening, q.v.,

Pinus serotina Michx.; Ulmus serotina, the September-Elm.

Eupatorium serotinum (late-flowering) Fernald 1950. blooming in late August to October; Narcissus serotinus, Hyacinthus serotinus.

NOTE: coaetaneus, q.v. in Salix (Willows): when the flowers and leaves appear at the same time; 'serotinous' in Salix indicates when the catkins or aments develop later than the leaves. Serpent, snake: serpens,-entis (s.c.III), abl. sg. serpente, nom. & acc. pl. serpentes, gen. pl. serpentium, dat. & abl. pl. serpentibus; syn. anguis, coluber; see snake;

NOTE: the abl.sg. ends in an -e (= a substantive) not an -i (= a participle);

- Racaria sylvatica: in Guiana; sylvis ad radices montis Serpentis (DeCandolle), at the roots [i.e. base] of mount Serpent.

- floribus serpentibus pollinatis, with flowers pollinated by serpents (snakes)(bestiis serpentibus).

little serpent: dracunculus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., abl. sg. dracunculo; serpicula,-ae (s.f.I), q.v., a small or little serpent; serpula,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.

- [Trichia Serpula; Filiformes; fungi] ad unciam et ultra lumbrici ad instar flexuosa serpit (S&A), up to an inch and beyond, it spreads flexuose like a worm.

NOTE: the English word 'serpent' is formed from the participle 'serpens,-entis' [part.B, creeping, crawling] used as a noun with the word 'bestia,-ae' understood (bestia serpens, gen.sg. bestiae serpentis). The verb relates to the movement of animals whereas repens and reptans classically referred to that of people (Lewis & Short). Similarly the English word 'rodent' is formed from the participle 'rodens,-entis' [> L. rodens,-entis (part.B), > L. rodere, to gnaw, gnawing, biting] used as a noun with the word 'bestia,-ae' understood; see animal; bestia,-ae (s.f.I).

NOTE: if serpens were to modify bestia,-ae (s.f.I), then the acc. sg. would be serpentem, the nom. & acc. pl. would be serpentes.

NOTE: in taxonomic groups, (participial) adjectives such as serpens and rodens modify animal,-alis (s.n.III), a neuter noun, not bestia,-ae (s.f.I), a feminine noun. Hence ‘snakes’ or serpents, taxonomically are Order Serpentia, with the epithet in the plural, that is nom. pl. [animalia] serpentia, gen. pl. [animalium] serpentium, acc. pl. [animalia] serpentia. Order Rodentia would be nom. pl. [animalia] rodentia, gen.pl. [animalium] rodentium. The same is true of orders such as Carnivora, neuter nom. pl., gen. pl. Carnivororum, an order of eutherian mammals, with teeth and other organs adapted to suit their carnivorous habit. Carnivora is a neuter plural adjective modifying animal,-is (s.n.II), not bestia,-ae (s.f.I). A carnivore, as a substantive noun, on analogy with serpent (serpens,-entis, q.v.), would be [animal] carnivorum (adj.A), in the nom.pl., [animalia] carnivora, gen. pl. [animalium] carnivororum; a herbivore would be animalia herbivora in the nom. pl.; see -vorus,-a,-um (adj.A); see Order; see Regnum; cf. rodent.

NOTE: if serpens,-entis (s.c.III) were to modify the noun animal,-alis (s.n.III), the acc. sg. would be serpens, the nom. & acc. pl. would be serpentia.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

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