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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Raphid, pl. raphides, “crystals of various salts formed in the interior of plants by the combination of vegetable acids with alkaline bases. They derive their name from being most commonly acicular, or needle-shaped” (Lindley); “needle-shaped crystals in the cells of plants” (Jackson); “Needle-shaped crystals in the tissues of plants, as in the Araceae” (Fernald 1950): rhaphis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. rhaphide, nom. & acc. pl. rhaphides, dat. & abl. pl. rhaphidibus. Commonly used in pl. either as rhaphides or raphides (Stearn.) Note: Jackson agrees with raphid as the singular (not raphis) [> Gk. rhaphis,-idos (s.f.III), a needle, pin];

- [Rhaphidophora in the Aroideae] frutices graciles v. robusti, scandentes, raphidibus instructi (B&H), slender or robust shrubs, climbing, provided with raphides [raphids].

- [Stenospermation (Aroideae)]: herbae v. suffrutices raphidibus instructi (B&H), herbs or subshrubs provided with raphides.

- [Rhodospatha (Aroideae)] Frutices scandentes, raphidibus instructi, ramis radicantibus (B&H), climbing shrubs, provided with raphides, with rooting branches.

- [Spathiphyllum (Aroideae): herbae subacaules, raphidibus instructae (B&H), nearly stemless herbs, provided with raphides.

(fungi) Rhaphidophora ( = Ophiobolus); Rhaphidospora ( = Ophiobolus) (Ainsworth & Bisby).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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