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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
quini, quinae, quina (num. adj. distr.pl.), gen. pl. quinum (Lewis & Short, “quinorum not found”: five, five each, by fives, five at a time; five apiece; a set of five; cf. solitarius,-a,-um (adj.A), bini (2), trini (3), quaterni (4), quini (5), seni (6), septeni (7), octoni (8); see -ni;
        (singular)                 plural  
                            m.    f.      n.  
Nom.  (there is no)         quini  quinae  quina  
Gen.     (singular)               [quinum]  
Dat.                               quinis    
Acc.                       quinos  quinas   quina  
Abl.                               quinis
- folia quaterna vel sena (raro terna vel quina), leaves 4 or 6 together (rarely 3 or 5) (Stearn).

- sepala petalaque quaterna, quina vel sena, sepals and petals four, five or six.

- filis geminis vel forsan quinis, with the filaments doubled or perhaps in fives.

- petala quina ad latus superius posita, petals five positioned on the upper side.

- foliis quinis, with leaves five together.

- folia quina, digitata, interiora duo minora, nervosa, venosa (Swartz), leaves in fives, digitate, the inner two smaller, nervose, venose [i.e. with nerves and veins anastomosing irregularly].

- antherae quinqué ad decem distinctae, quarum binae, ex único prodeunt tubérculo, pendulo-clavatae (saepe) (Necker), anthers in fives [i.e. in groups of five] to ten, distinct [i.e. not fused], two of which come forth from one tubercle, dependent-clavate [i.e. club-shaped] (often).

- Sphaerostema genus ad species Asiaticas constitutum differre dicitur sepalis petalisque ordine ternario nec quinario dispositis. Sepala tamen in omnibus gradatim in petala mutata sunt et in speciebus Asiaticis uti in Americanis, aequo fere jure quina v. terna dicuntur (B&H), the genus Sphaerostema [arranged with regard to the Asiatic species] is said to differ by the sepals and petals arranged in a triple order [i.e. in groups of three] not quintuple [i.e. in groups of five]. In all of them, the sepals, however, are changed gradually into petals, and in Asiatic species as in American, equally almost they are authoritatively pronounced [i.e. dictated] to be by fives or by threes.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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