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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
quinarius,-a,-um (adj.A): quinary, containing five, consisting of five each; a group of five; a member of a fifth group; fifth in rank, fifth in order; a quintuple or a multiple of five; divided into fives, five-parted, in fives; see -narius,-a,-um (adj.A, suffix); cf. binarius (in twos), ternarius (in threes); quaternarius (in fours);

- numerus quinarius, the number five, the quinary.

- folium quinatum, leaf with 5 leaflets; see five-, penta-.

- folia palmatim ternatae vel quinatae vel septenatae, leaves palmately in threes, in fives or sevens [i.e. palmately 3-, or 5- or 7-foliolate].

- sepala et petala hypogyna, ordine ternario (v. rarius quinario) 3-oo-seriatim imbricata, seriebus saepius parum distinctis (B&H), the sepals and petals hypogynous, in a three-part (more rarely in five-part) order, 3-[numerous]-seriately imbricate [i.e. imbricate in 3-[numerous-]rows], with the rows somewhat distinct [i.e. separate].

- floribus quinariis pedunculatis confertis (Swartz), with the flowers in fives, with peduncles, crowded.

- numerus staminum semper mihi quinarius; Jacquino inconstans; in speciminibus vero ex nova Caledonia, flores aliquot decandros observavi. (Swartz), the number of the stamens with me is always in fives: inconsistent with Jacquinus; in specimens really from New Caledonia, I have observed flowers some decandrous [i.e. five-stamened].

- flores distincti, symetrici , saepius numero quinario dispositi (DeCandolle), the flowers distinct, symmetric, more often arranged with the number in fives.

- flores proportione partium quinaria (DeCandolle), the flowers with the relation of [their] parts in fives [i.e. the parts of the flower are in fives].

- flores proportione partium quaterniaria aut quinaria (DeCandolle), the flowers with the relation of [their] parts in fours or fives.

- flores proportione partium 3-5-naria. (DeCandolle), the flowers with the relation of [their] parts in threes to fives.

- partibus floralibus quinariis (Boissier), with the floral parts in fives.

- divisione vero quinaria (Agardh), with the division truly quinary [i.e. in fives, in groups of five].

- Sphaerostema genus ad species Asiaticas constitutum differre dicitur sepalis petalisque ordine ternario nec quinario dispositis. Sepala tamen in omnibus gradatim in petala mutata sunt et in speciebus Asiaticis uti in Americanis, aequo fere jure quina v. terna dicuntur (B&H), the genus Sphaerostema [arranged with regard to the Asiatic species] is said to differ by the sepals and petals arranged in a triple order [i.e. in groups of three] not quintuple [i.e. in groups of five]. In all of them, the sepals, however, are changed gradually into petals, and in Asiatic species as in American, equally almost they are authoritatively pronounced [i.e. dictated] to be by fives or by threes.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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