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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
pertusus,-a,-um (part.A): perforated, pierced, pricked, having holes or slits, that has a hole or opening [> L. pertundo, -tudi,-tusum, 3, to beat, push or thrust through, to make a hole through, to bore through, perforate; to penetrate, pierce through]; perforate(d), sieve-like, perforated profusely with numerous small holes; pierced with holes or pores or sprinkled with translucent dots; “pierced through, or having translucent dots [of translucent, glandular tissue] which look like little holes, as in Hypericum perforatum, L.” (Jackson) [> L. pertundo,-tudi,-tusum, 3, to beat, push or thrust through, to make a hole through, to bore through, perforate; to penetrate, pierce through]; opp. continuus,-a,-um (adj.A + abl.), continuous, uninterrupted, unbroken, non-septate, not articulated or jointed; see perforated, punctatus,-a,-um (adj.A).

NOTE: in some algae literature (e.g. Braun), pertusus, ‘perforated,’ appears to represent openings (lacunae) that are smaller than clathrate, ‘trellised,’ or latticed,’ where they are larger (and rectangular); see perforated;

- [algae] frons hic illic rumpitur, et expansione circa factam lacunam continuante, margines foraminis involvuntur, nova foramina oriuntur usque dum denique tota frons reticulatim perforata est (Agardh), the frond here and there is bursted, and with the expansion continuing around the gap that is made, the margins of the foramen are folded inward, while a new foramen arises, until finally the whole frond is perforated in a network.

- folia 2-6 unc. longa, glandulis copiosis quidem sed subtilibus perforata (F. Mueller), leaves 2-6 inches long, with copious glandules certainly, yet delicate, perforate.

- [fungus] in trunco putredine paene consumto abietino passim invenimus fungum vernalem; adolescentem Martio, feracem Aprili, exoletum (rigidum, fragilem, poris majusculis irregularibus perforatum) Maio (S&A), we have found the vernal mushroom on a fir trunk nearly destroyed by rot; increasing in March, fertile in April, grown to the end of its life (rigid, fragile, perforated with rather large, irregular pores) in May.

- foliis punctis marginalibus pellucidis subperforatis (DeCandolle), with the leaves with margin, transparent nearly perforated dots. punctate?

- [algae] frons hic illic rumpitur, et expansione circa factam lacunam continuante, margines foraminis involvuntur, nova foramina oriuntur usque dum denique tota frons reticulatim perforata est (Agardh), the frond here and there is bursted, and with the expansion continuing around the gap that is made, the margins of the foramen are folded inward, while a new foramen arises, until finally the whole frond is perforated in a network.

- folia 2-6 unc. longa, glandulis copiosis quidem sed subtilibus perforata (F. Mueller), leaves 2-6 inches long, with copious glandules certainly, yet delicate, perforate.

- [fungus] in trunco putredine paene consumto abietino passim invenimus fungum vernalem; adolescentem Martio, feracem Aprili, exoletum (rigidum, fragilem, poris majusculis irregularibus perforatum) Maio (S&A), we have found the vernal mushroom on a fir trunk nearly destroyed by rot; increasing in March, fertile in April, grown to the end of its life (rigid, fragile, perforated with rather large, irregular pores) in May.

- foliis punctis marginalibus pellucidis subperforatis (DeCandolle), with the leaves with marginal, transparent nearly perforated dots.

- contextu membranáceo, fuligineo, poro minute pertuso; with a membranaceous flesh, sooty-black, perforated with a minute pore.

- ore pertuso roseo-rubro, with the perforated mouth rose-red.

- endocarpium utroque latere concavo-intromissum et pertusum, lóculos clausos haud formans (B&H), endocarp on either side concave-inserted and perforate, scarcely forming closed locules.

- intra pericarpium celluloso-membranaceum apice poro regulari pertusum (Agardh), within a cellulose-membranaceous pericarpium perforated by a uniform apical pore.

- [sea shell] umbones versus minutissime pertuso-cancellatis, “very minutely cancellated in a pricked manner near the umbones.”

- [Victoria; a genus] folia natantia, maxima, supra corrugato-bullata, punctis pertusa, subtus costis insigniter prominentibus reticulata (B&H), leaves floating, very large, on top corrugate-bullate [i.e. coarsely wrinkled and with blister-like projections], pierced through with punctures [i.e. small holes], beneath reticulate with strikingly prominent ribs.

- [fungi] apices obtusi, rotundati, laeves, demum rugulosi, alii minutissme glabro papillati, alii tenuissime pertusi, multi tamen etiam toti uniformes (S&A), apices obtuse, rounded, smooth, finally somewhat rugulose, some minutely glabrous-papillate, others very delicately perforated, yet many also completely uniform.

imperforatus,-a,-um (part.A): not perforated, whole, continuous.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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