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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Penicillum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg. penicillo: brush-like tuft of hairs; a pencil, i.e. an artist’s painting brush (straight and ending in a tuft, as of hairs); note “penicillus” is the “conidiophore and conidia of Penicillium” (Ainsworth & Bisby); see brush;

- fructus 3-lobus, villosus, lobis penicilla pilorum dorso auctis (B&H), the fruit 3-lobed, villous, with the lobes enlarged on the back with a [brush-like tuft] of hairs.

- ramis junioribus tenuibus inter penicillos laterales densissimos horsum versum flexuosis (Agardh), with the younger branches thin flexuous hither among the very dense penicels [hair-tufts].

- (algae) caespes recenti statu ob penicillos ex atro-griseus, in exsiccata omnino nigricans (Agardh), the clump in the fresh state toward the penicilla [i.e. tufts of hairs] from a [dull] black-gray, in the dried out condition everywhere blackish.

- (moss) folia suprema erecta duplo longiora vaginata convoluta teneriora quasi penicillum formantia (Mueller), the uppermost leaves erect, two times longer, sheathed, convolute, more slender as if forming a brush-like tuft of hairs.

- (algae) caespite herbaceo-viridi dense intricato, ramis filorum inferioribus subdivaricatis intricantibus, superioribus erectiusculis apice penicillo lineari-lanceolato plumatis(Agardh), with the clump herbaceous-green, densely interwoven, with the lower branches of the filaments nearly divaricate, entangled, the upper nearly erect, plumed with a linear-lanceolate, penicillum [i.e. brush-like tuft of hairs] at the apex.

- (algae) DRAPARNALDIA. GLOMERATA, filo primario ramulis penicillatus dissimili, penicillis ovatis obtusis patentibus (Agardh), with the primary filament dissimilar to the penicillate branchlets, with the penicilla ovate, obtuse, spreading.

- (algae) A sequente dignoscitur articulis primariis longioribus, penicillis ramorum obtusis, ramulis divaricatis (Agardh), from the following it is distinguished by the primary articuli [i.e. joints] longer, with the penicilla of the branches obtuse, with the branchlets divaricate.

- (algae) ramuli filo primario dissimiles, acuti, fasciculati, penicillum lanceolatum, viridem, erectum, filo primario veluti appositum & quasi parasitam formantes, ultimus ceteris multo longior (Agardh), the branches different from the primary filament, acute, elongate, fasciculate, forming a lanceolate, green penicillum, erect as if alongside it and as though it was a parasite.

Penicillaria,-ae (s.f.I), a genus of fungi; Penicillium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. Penicillio (Moniliales) “common moulds, many named on cultural, biochemical, or pathogenic characters. P. expansum (blue mould of apples), P. digitatum (blue and green moulds of citrus fruits)” (Ainsworth & Bisby).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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