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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

pendulous, somewhat hanging, more inclined than horizontal, hanging down, pendent; overhanging; “more or less hanging or declined” (Fernald 1950): pendulus,-a,-um (adj.A); (bryology) “hanging, pendent; e.g. capsules drooping and inclined beyond horizontal; stems and branches that hang [growth form common in forests]” (Magill 1990); cf. cernuus,-a,-um (adj.A), slightly drooping, cernuous, nodding; cf. inclinatus,-a,-um (part.A), nodding; see dependent; see declinatus,-a,-um (part.A);

- [fungi] juba atra pro diverso fungi situ nunc pendula, nunc ligno incumbens ac subirrepens, radiculiformis (S&A), the juba [i.e. mane or crest] for the different situs [i.e. manner of lying] of fungi, sometimes pendulous, sometimes resting on, or somewhat creeping into the wood, resembling radicles.

- inflorescentiis ad internodia dispositis, longis, pendulis, with the inflorescences arranged at the internodes, long, pendulous.

- semina subreniformia, superiora saepius adscendentia, inferiora pendula v. horizontalia (B&H), seeds nearly kidney-shaped, the upper more often ascending, the lower hanging down or horizontal.

- caules filiformes, laxi, longissimi, repentes, l. penduli (Swartz), stems thread-like,flaccid, very long, prostrate or [l. = vel) pendulous.

- POLYPODIUM aspleifolum, frondibus subpinnatis pilosïs pendulis (Swartz), with the fronds almost pinnate, pilose, pendent.

- antherae quinqué ad decem distinctae, quarum binae, ex único prodeunt tubérculo, pendulo-clavatae (saepe) (Necker), anthers in fives [i.e. in groups of five] to ten, distinct [i.e. not fused], two of which come forth from one tubercle, dependent-clavate [i.e. club-shaped] (often).

- antherae quinqué ad decem distinctae, quarum binae, ex único prodeunt tubérculo, pendulo-clavatae (saepe) (Necker), anthers five to ten, distinct [i.e. not fused], two [at a time] of which come forth from one tubercle, dependent-clavate [i.e. club-shaped] (often).

- fructibus stipitatis pedicello inflexo pendulis (DeCandolle), with the fruits stalked, pendulous on an incurved pedicel.

- antherae, 10, binae e singulo tubérculo prodeuntes, pendulae, clavatae, squamulis vaginae, tectae (Necker), anthers 10, two at a time emerging from a single tubercle, pendent, covered with the little scales of the sheath.

- leguminibus pendulis latis brevibus 3-4-spermis (BOissier), with the legumes pendent, broad, short, 3-4-seeded.

- caulibus elongatis 1 -2-pedalibus debilibus e fissuris rupium pendulis (Boissier), with the stems elongate, 1-2-feet, weak, dependent from the fissures of rocks.

- (moss) theca non, ut illa pedunculo arcuato, pendula sed in pedunculo stricto nutante primo adspectu facillime distinguitur (Mueller), theca not pendulous, as those [sc. species] with an arcuate peduncle, but at first glance is most easily distinguished nodding on a straight peduncle [i.e. seta].

- (moss) theca cylindrico-ovalis ore dilatata pendula (Mueller), theca cylindric-oval, expanded at the mouth, pendulous.

Ovulum (s.n.II) pendulum, abl. sg. ovulo pendulo, nom. & acc. pl. ovula pendula: [ovules] “ that hang from the side of the locule” (Fernald 1950);

- [cf.] loculis abortu plerumque 1-spermis, funiculis medio-adnatis ex parte superiore loculi pendulis Boissier), with the locules by abortion usually 1-seeded, with the funiculus medially-adnate, pendulous from the upper part of the locule.

NOTE: declinatus,-a,-um (part.A): bent or curved downwards or forwards; with, e.g., stamens hanging downwards (i.e. are declinate) as in the genus Eucrosia (Amaryllidaceae) whose stamens are long-exsert and curve down and upwards in a curve (declinate-ascending), stamens may be suberect to declinate (suberectus usque declinatus), they may be pendent to declinate (pendens usque declinatus).

Ptychostomum pendulum Hornsch., for the nodding capsules; Bouteloua curtipendula, “short-hanging” (Fernald 1950).
pendulous or weeping habit: habitus (s.m.IV) pendulus, abl. sg. habitu pendulo.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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