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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Pelta,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. pelta: “a target-like shield, found on the species of Peltidea. Also a bract attached by its middle, as in Peppers” [Capsicum] (Lindley); “the round shield-like apothecium of Peltidea, etc.; [also] a bract attached by its middle, as in Peppers” (Jackson); a small, light shield in the shape of a half-moon, once used by Thracians and other non Roman (barbarous) people (Lewis & Short). However, Liddell and Scott indicate the peltE (s.f.I), was a “small light shield of leather without a rim, a [round] target, but synonymous with the Roman cetra (caetra,-ae (s.f.I). Iberian (Spanish) warriors during Roman times belonged to two infantry types, the scutati, who carried the “long scutum of celtic origin, and the caetrati carried the caetra buckler and the falcata sabre ...”. Rome and Her Enemies, 2005, Penrose, Jane, ed, Osprey Publishing, Oxford. The caetra was “rotunda,” ‘round’ (Lewis & Short). The crescent pelta (pelta lunata) was used by Thracians, the round pelta (pelta rotunda) by the Spaniards.

(a lichen) Collema peltigera Pers. et Coll.

NOTE: apothecium: the shields of Lichens; firm horny disks arising from the thallus, &c., containing spores” (Lindley); the generally cup- or saucer-shaped ascocarp of Discomycetes and Discolichens.Note that a target is a kind of shield; see shield.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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