www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  

North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin

Wm. L. Brown Center
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
MBG Press
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
Image Index
Rare Books

Res Botanica
All Databases
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Jobs & Fellowships
Research Links
Site Map


Browse by Keyword





A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

partial: partialis,-e (adj.B); “partial in botany usually means secondary, as partial involucre, Partial Peduncle, Partial Petiole and Partial Umbel; it is opposed to ‘general’” (Jackson), as the secondary branches in a paniculate inflorescence; “a secondary division; as in Umbellifers, where the umbels of the second degree bear this name” (Lindley); (in taxonomy as well as morphology) “of secondary rank” (Fernald 1950); opp. ‘general,’ i.e. prevailing; normal (Stearn 1996), opp. communis,-e (adj.B), common to all or to the whole; opp. universalis,-e (adj.B), q.v.; see special; see secondary;

- pedunculi generales pollicares, partiales paucilineares (F. Mueller), general peduncle one inch long, secondary [peduncles] a few lines long.

- pedunculi partiales 1-3-flori, bractea laterali suffulti, supra basin una cum pedicellis bracteolati, bracteolis saepissime glanduliferis v. ad glandulam reductis (B&H), secondary peduncle 1-3-flowered, subtended by a lateral bract, above the base bracteolate together with the pedicels, the bracteoles most often bearing glandules or reduced to a glandule.

- panículae terminales, pedunculi partiales basi bracteati (B&H), the panicles terminal, the secondary peduncles bracteate at the base.

- inflorescentia saepe paniculata, pedunculis partialibus umbellatis, the inflorescence often paniculate, with the secondary peduncles umbellate.

- fasciculorum rhachi nodosa sessili v. pedúnculo partiali incurvo breviter suffulta (B&H), with the rhachis of the fascicles nodose, sessile or shortly subtended by an incurved secondary peduncle.

- CHAR. Pec. [characteres peculiares] Fructific. [Fructificatio] monogamica; umbellae universalis partialisque planiusculae, in globum minime congestae (Necker), special characters: fructification monogamic; of the general and secondary umbell somewhat flat, least congested into a globe.

- panícula in axillis foliorum terminalium: pedunculis oppositis longis filiformibus; partialibus 3-floris, floribus approximatis, pedicellis brevissimis (Swartz), panicle in the axils of the terminal leaves: with the peduncles opposite, long, threadlike; secondary [panicles] with three flowers, with the flowers near one another, with the pedicels very short.

- pedunculis axillaribus terminalibusque oligocephalis, partialibus capitulo multifloro aliquoties v. multoties longioribus (F. Muller), with the peduncles axillary and terminal few-headed, the secondary [peduncles] several or many times longer than the many-flowered capitulum.

- petioli partíales saepissime 2- stipellati (B&H), the secondary petioles most often 2-stipellate.

- pedunculi partiales 1-3-flori, bractea laterali suffulti (B&H), secondary peduncles 1-3-flowered, subtended by a lateral bract.

general involucre: “that which is at the base of a compound umbel” (Jackson): involucrum (s.n.II) generale (adj.B), abl. sg. involucro generali.

partial umbel: also known as the radius,-ii (s.m.II), abl. sg. radio: a ‘ray;’ “in Umbelliferae, the partial umbel” (Stearn).

partial or secondary involucre, “that which surrounds a partial umbel” (Jackson): involucrum partiale, abl. sg. involucro partiale.

NOTE: ‘general,’ i.e. common to a genus, family, etc., ‘partial’ are ‘some’ members of a genus or family that depart from the ‘normal’ or ‘general’ or ‘typical’ character of the genus or family;’ generalis,-e (adj.B): ‘prevailing; normal’ (Stearn 1996); ‘mostly’ vs. ‘occasionally,’ generally vs. sometimes; ‘most’ or ‘mostly’ vs. ‘some’ or ‘a few;’ ‘primarily’ vs. ‘secondarily;’

- [Gitonophytum species] bractea, fructificationi subjecta, generalis & partialis; generalis polyphylla; partialis, monophylla; alia diphylla; tetraphylla & nulla (Necker), the bract, under the fructification, general [i.e. the normal for the genus] and partial [i.e. secondary in the genus]: the normal [bract] polyphyllous; the secondary [bract of some species] monophyllous; the others [in the genus] are diphyllous, tetraphyllous and none.

- [Hermas] bractea generalis, polyphylla; partialis , 2-phylla (Necker), the common bract [in the genus] polyphyllous; some are 2-phyllous.

- braclea generalis, polyphylla , minor , perfifiens, partialis , nulla. (Necker), the predominant [i.e. normal] bract is polyphyllous, smaller, persistent, in some [i.e. species], none.

- bracea generalis, polyphylla; partialis, 1-phylla plurifida (Necker), the typical bract is polyphyllous; in some 1-phyllous [i.e. monophyllous], many times divided.

- bractea, generalis & partialis: generalis, monophylla; alia, polyphylla, alia, oligophylla & nulla (Necker), the primary and secondary bract [type]: primary, monophyllous; some polyphyllous, others few-leaved and none.

NOTE: ‘common,’ shared, reciprocal: communis,-e (adj.B) may indicate ‘primary’ with ‘partial’ indicating ‘secondary:

Petiolus,-i (s.m.II) communis, abl. sg. petiolo communi: “the first and principal leaf-stalk in compound leaves; the secondary petioles are called partial” (Lindley), i.e. petiolus partialis,-e (adj.B), abl. sg. petiolo partiali.
partial, of or belonging to a part, affecting only a part: partialis,-e (adj.B), portionalis,-e (adj.B).

NOTE: it is best to render by adverbs, such as partim (adv.) or by prepositional phrases such as ex parte, in parte, pro parte; aliqua ex parte, in some part; see partly.

partial-shade-loving plant: semisciophyton,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. sciophyto.

Partial veil: “partial (or inner) veil, (of agarics), a layer of tissue joining the pileus edge to the stipe during hymenium development, which later may become an annulus or cortina; = velum (Persoon) (Ainsworth & Bisby).

- velum (s.n.II) partiale, abl. sg. velo partiali: partial veil.

- volva (s.f.I) partialis, abl. sg. volva partiali: partial veil.

- margo primo reliquiis volvae partialis albis appendiculatis armatus; the margin at first armed with the white, appendiculate, remains of the partial veil.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

© 1995-2018 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
4344 Shaw Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63110
(314) 577-5100

Technical Support