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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Orbis,-is (s.m.III), acc. sg. orbem, dat. sg. orbi, abl.sg. orbe, nom. & acc. pl. orbes, gen. pl. orbium, dat. & abl. pl. orbibus: both a plane and solid shape: anything of a circular shape, a ring, round surface, disk, hoop, orbit, orb, a circle; the world; cf. globe, sphere; utriusque orbis, of each (of two, both) worlds (i.e. the old and the new worlds); see ball;

NOTE: orbis terrarium, orbis terrae, the world; “the central land surface of the world (as conceived by the ancients surrounded by Ocean and consisting roughly of Europe, Asia, and Africa)” (Glare).

1. a circular shape, empty in the middle, such as an annulus or mouth or “a muscle encircling an orifice” (WIII);

2. a disc shape: flat and circular.

3. a three dimensional globe or sphere.

4. a world, a field of endeavor, a sphere of influence.

5. “an arrangement of objects in a circle or part of a circle, a ring” (Glare).

6. a world: a collective whole” (WIII); the old and new worlds are defined longitudinally; the north and south hemispheres latitudinally;

“any of the azure transparent spheres in old astronomy surrounding the earth one within the other and carrying the heavenly bodies in their revolutions; a globular celestial object, (as the sun or moon, a planet or star” (WIII); cf. mundus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. mundo: the universe, the world and the heavenly bodies, the heavens, the earth;

1. - nuces 5 in orbem dispositae, pedunculatae, 1-spermae (B&H), nuts 5 arranged in a circle, pedunculate, monospermous.

- corpuscula, 5, tubuliformia in orbem digesta (Necker), corpusles 5, tubuliform, arranged in a circle.

2. - corolla ampla campanulata, demum in orbem latissimum margino remote 5-dentatum expansa (B&H), the corolla big, campanulate, finally expanded into a very broad disc with the margine remotely 5-dentate.

3. - SPHAEROOPHYTUM, a vocibus Sphairoomai, sum rotundus, contrahor in orbem & phyton, planta derivatur (Necker). Derived from the [Gk.] words Sphairoomai, ‘I am round’contracted into ‘orb’ and phyton, plant. That is:

- planta i. e.- fructificationem, globuliformem : aliae, sphaerulas aggregatas apicibus vel in averfâ parte frondium , gerentes (Necker), plant i.e. the fructification globule in shape, some bearing aggregated sphaerules at the apices or on the back part of the frond. DO SPHAERUL

- bacca, plurilocularis (3 4 5) orbiculata (Necker), berry with many locules (3,4,5), orbiculate [i.e. globular].

4. - in Opere splendidissimo BANKSIANO, orbi Botánico exoptatissimo (Swartz), in the most splendid Banksian work, most desired by the botanical world.

5. - orbis terrae, the circle of earth, earth, also orbis terrarum.

- regiones temperatas utriusque orbis incolunt, paucae amphigaeae, dwelling in temperate regions of both worlds (i.e. old and new), a few amphigean.

- ordo per totum fere orbem terrarum dispersus (B&H), the order dispersed throughout almost the total circle of the earth (= the whole world).

- orbis vetus, the old world, orbis antiquus, the ancient world; see world

- in orbe vetere solo vigent (B&H), it grows only in the old world.

- species 1, v. auctoribus nonnullis 3, in fontibus uliginosisque regionum frigidiorum v. temperatarum utriusque orbis crescentes (B&H), species one, or by some authors 3, in springs and swampy places of colder regions or temperate one growing in both [the Old and New Worlds].

- species ad 100, paucae per regiones calidas orbis veteris late inquilinae, species to 100, a few naturalized throughout the warm regions of the old world.

- per regiones temperatas totius orbis ubique dispersae, throughout the temperate regions of the whole world everywhere dispersed.

- species ad 12, regionum calidiorum utriusque orbis incolae, species to 12, an inhabitant of warmer regions of both sides of the globe.

- Hermaphrodites, in orbe veteri indigenae (DeCandolle), [species] hermaphrodite, native to the old world.

- genera minora et monotypica, omnia uno alterove orbi propria sunt (B&H), the smaller genera and monotypic, all are peculiar to one or the other orb [i.e. old or new world].

- orbis novus (adj.A): the New World, America. New World (adj.): neogaeus,-a,-um (adj.A), americanus,-a,-um (adj.A) (Stearn 1983);


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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