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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
oblong, longer than broad, with the sides nearly parallel, rectangular with rounded edges; “two to three times longer than broad and with nearly parallel sides” (Fernald 1950); “elliptical, obtuse at each end; as the leaf of the Hazel [Corylus]” (Lindley); ‘deviating from a square or circular form through elongation; rectangular with adjacent sides unequal’ (WIII); (bryology) “rectangular with rounded corners or ends” (Magill 1990); (fungi) “of spores), twice as long as wide and having somewhat truncate ends” (Ainsworth & Bisby): oblongus,-a,-um (adj.A); see elliptic, which has sides that curve outward (are not parallel);

- sepalis 6 patentibus elliptico-oblongis (DeCandolle), with the sepals 6, spreading, elliptic-oblong [i.e. with the sides convex or parallel].

- capsula oblongo-clavata, the capsule oblong-clavate [i.e. broadest at the top].

- antherae lineares v. rarius oblongae, loculis parallelis contiguis (B&H), the anthers linear or more rarely oblong, with the nearby locules parallel.

- folia obovato-oblonga, integerrima, coriacea, nitida (B&H), leaves obovate-oblong [i.e. with the broadest part above or with the sides parallel], completely entire, leathery, shining.

- (moss) folia e basi plus minus oblonga lato-ovalia vel spathulata vel lingulata vel ovalia (Mueller), leaves from the base more or less oblong, widely oval or tongue-shaped or oval.

- antherae oblongae, rarius orbiculatae (B&H), anthers oblong [i.e. rounded with the sides parallel, longer than broad], more rarely orbiculate [i.e. circular in outline].

- foliis radicalibus infimis oblongo [i.e. rounded-rectangular with parallel sides]- ovatis [oval, broader at the base], obtusis (Boissier), with the bottommost basal leaves oblong-ovate, obtuse.

- foliis inferioribus ovato-oblongis subspathulatis (Boissier), with the lower leaves ovate-oblong, nearly spathulate [i.e. oblong but narrowed at the base].

- calyce longissimo oblongo subclavato (Boissier), with the calyx very long, oblong, nearly clavate [i.e. somewhat widened toward the apex].

- sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis cucullatis (Boissier), with the sepals oblong-lanceolate [i.e. oblong, but gradually narrowed to the apex], acute, cucullate.

NOTE: in L. compounds the connecting vowel with 'oblong' is -i-: oblongi-lanceolatus, oblong-lanceolate; oblongiceps,-cipitis, with an oblong head.

broadly oblong: late (adv.) oblongus,-a,-um.

linguiformis,-e (adj.B), lingulatus,-a,-um (adj.A): tongue-shaped, oblong with a broadened apex; “long, fleshy, plano-convex, obtuse; as the leaves of some Aloes” (Lindley

narrowly oblong: anguste (adv.)oblongus,-a,-um.

oblong-ellipsoid, (fungi) “(of spores) rounded-oblong; having long sides parallel and ends almost hemispherical” (Ainsworth & Bisby).

very broadly oblong: perlate (adv.) oblongus; also latissime (adv.) oblongus.

Jussiaea oblonga; Oenothera oblonga; Polyachyrus oblongiflorus; Aldama oblongifolia; Aster oblongifolius; Hieracium oblongiforme.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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