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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Nut, “a hard indehiscent pericarp, usually containing only one seed; the same as Glans, and Achaenium” (Lindley); “a hard, indehiscent 1-seeded fruit” (Fernald 1950): nux (s.f.III), gen.sg. nucis, acc. sg. nucem, dat. sg. nuci, abl.sg. nuce, nom.& acc. pl. nuces, gen.pl. nucum or nucerum, dat. & abl. pl. nucibus; in Gk. comp. caryo-, -caryon, q.v.; see acorn; nut; see gland; see glans,-ndis (s.f.III), abl. sg. glande; see nucleus: “a nut; applied also to fruits resembling a nut;” see achene, stone;

- nuce conica (Boissier), with the nut conical.

- nuces 5 in orbem dispositae, pedunculatae, 1-spermae (B&H), nuts 5 arranged in a circle, pedunculate, monospermous.

- nuces carpophoris crassis stipitata (B&H), nuts stalked, with the carpophores thick.

- nux 1-sperma, e perigynanda indurata (Necker), nut monospermous, from the hardened involucre.

- nux initio conica vel rotundata denique oviformis vel subglobosa obtusa glabra vel pilis stellatis vestitata, nut at first conical or rounded at length egg-shaped or subglobose blunt glabrous or with stellate hairs clothed (Stearn).

- drupa v. nux 1-3-locularis, solitaria, indehiscens (B&H), drupe or nut 1-3-locular, solitary, not dehiscent.

- nux magna, indehiscens, demum cristulis angustis 2 - 5 ab apice stylifero ad medium decurrentibus costata, calyce accrescente stipata (B&H), nut large, indehiscent, finally ribbed with 2-5 narrow little crests running down from the style-bearing apex to the middle, stalked, fused with the calyx.

- bracteis induratis post nuces delapsas persistentibus. Nuces compressae, with indurate bracts persistent after the nuts have fallen. Nuts compressed.

- nuces calvae vel corrugatae, nuts with smooth shells or wrinkled.

- nux globosa, fragilis. Nucleus albus (Swartz), nut globose, fragile. The nucleus white.

- nuces 2-4, ad angulos acutae v.alatatae, nuts 2-4, at the angles sharp or winged.

- nux globosa, fragilis. Nucleus albus (Swartz), the nut globose, fragile. The kernel white.

- nux subglobosa, basi v. supra medium tubo calycis inclusa, superne in alam linearem coriaceam expansa (B&H), nut nearly globose, and the base of above the middle enclosed by the tube of the calyx, above expanded into a leathery, linear wing.

- nux solitaria, cristis 1-3 dorsalibus parum prominulis aucta v. ecristata, irregulariter pyramidato-3- gona (B&H), nut solitary, increased with 1-3 dorsal somewhat prominent crests or lacking crests, irregularly pyramidate-3-angled.

- in pericarpiis nucum Fagi dejectis semiputribus udis iuxta fontes rivulosque(S&A), on the fallen, half-rotten pericarps of the nuts of Fagus in moisture beside springs and streams.

NOTE: a grain and a nut (grain) or nutlet are similar; cf. grain;

- [Rumex acetosella] segmentis interioribus nuci subglobosae arcte appressis (B&H), with the inner segments closely appressed to a subglobose nut.

- [Cyperaceae: Psilocarya] nux styli (2-fidi) basi dilatata persistente rostrata (B&H), the grain [i.e. achene] of the style (2-fid) dilated at the base, persistently rostrate.

- (Cyperaceae: Pentasticha] nux stipitata, styli basi incassata persistente acuminata (B&H), the grain stalked, at the base of the style thickened, persistently acuminate.

Chestnuts: nux castanea (adj.A); hazel-nuts: nux avellana (adj.A), see Corylus; almond-nut: amygdalum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. amygdalo; walnut, both tree and nut: juglans,-ndis (s.f.III), abl. sg. juglande; see acorn.

Nut, spurious: nux spuria, gen. sg. nucis spuriae, “a nut which owes its hardness to some other cause than the induration of the pericarp; as in Mirabilis” (Lindley).

Nux baccata, abl. sg. nuce baccata: “a nut inclosed in a pulpy covering, formed by some external organ, as the Yew” (Lindley) [Taxus spp.]

little nut, nutlet: nucula,-ae (s.f.I); nucleolus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. nucleolo.
nut-, nucleus-: in Gk. comp. caryo-, -caryon, -caryum (s.n.II); see ‘cary-, caryo-‘.

Carya,-ae (s.f.I), "an ancient Greek name of the Walnut" (Fernald 1950); Psilocarya Torr. Bald Rush > Gk. psilos, naked and caryon, nut.
nut-bearing, producing nuts, nuciferous, nucigerous: nucifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), nuciger,-gera,-gerum (adj.A).

nut-brown, hazel-colored: avellaneus,-a,-um (adj.A); nucatus,-a,-um (adj.A): nut-brown.
Nut, hard as a: see nucamentaceus,-a,-um (adj.A): in the form of a nutlet; “having the hardness of a nut” (Lindley).
Nut, hull of: cortex,-icis (s.m. & f.III), q.v., abl. sg. cortice; cf. pericarp, “the shell or rind of all fruits, taken as a whole; when it separates into layers, each layer may have a different name, but the whole is still the pericarp” (Lindley): pericarpium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. pericarpio.
nut-like, nutty: nuceus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.
nut-shaped: nuciformis,-e (adj.B); nucleiformis,-e (adj.B), nuculiformis,-e (adj.B).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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