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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
nisi (conj.), used with the indicative or subjunctive: if not, unless; after negatives and questions, 'except, unless;' except for; see except for, excepted; nonnisi (non nisi), ‘only,’ q.v.; see nonnisi.

nisi after a negative: except, except for;

- nisi in specie una nulla folia efficiens, producing no leaves except in one species.

- basidiis nisi in tempore humido nullas basidiosporas procreantibus, with the basidia producing no basidiospores except in humid weather.

- nisi in te nullam spem habeo, I have no hope except in you.

- [fungi] rarior nobis, nec nisi loco unico (Moholzer Haide) in truncis populinis alneisque humi jacentibus putrefactis hactenus obvia (S&A), it is rarer with us, except for one place (Moholzer Haide) encountered thus far on putrified Poplar and Alder trunks laying in ruins on the ground.

- TRICHOPODIUM, Cruciferae, non differt nisi spicis paucifloris pedunculo filiformi fultis (B&H), does not differ except by the spikes few-flowered, supported by a filiform [i.e. thread-like] peduncle.

- nisi fructu, qui hucusque incognitus mansit, ab aliis Hibbertiis recedeat, (F. Mueller), save only for the fruit, which remains thus far unknown, it might separate from other Hibbertas [i.e. species of Hibberta].

nisi quod, except that which, save only that;

- dein (apice excepto eleganter rubello) nigrescit, glaberrimusque evadit, nisi quod basis ipsa nonnumquam pilis parcis hirta sit (S&A), finally (except for the elegantly reddish apex) it is blackish, and turns out completely glabrous, except that [the base itself] may sometimes be hirtous [i.e. shaggy] with a few hairs. sit = subjunctive of ‘sum.’

- pileus laevis, nisi quod tempore sicco quandoque squamoso - rimosus inveniatur, interdum subflexuosus (S&A), the pileus is smooth, except that when it may be found in dry weather it is scaley-cracked, sometimes nearly flexuose.

- ceterum late infundibuliformis, in fundo obsolete umbonatus, laevis, nisi quod passim (fortuito, ut videtur) subsquamulosus aut rimulosus sit (S&A), otherwise broadly funnel-shaped, at the bottom weakly umbonate, smooth except for here and there (by chance, apparently) it may be nearly squamulose or with little cracks.

nisi si, except if;

- colore inconspicuo nisi si sub sole crescit, with the color inconspicuous except if it grows in the sun.

nisi ut:, except that, except on condition that.

nisi vero; nisi forte; nisi tamen: unless perhaps;

- pileus albus nisi forte cum contusus, the pileus white, except perhaps when bruised.

- herba (v. suffrutex ), habitu Waltheriae, a qua nisi gyncecio dimero non differt (B&H), an herb (or subshrub?), with the habit of a Waltheria, from which it does not differ except by the dimerous gynoecium.

- amicitia non posse nisi in bonis, friendship is not possible except among good men.

- (nisi after a negative:) nisi in te nullam spem habeo, I have no hope except in you.

- nonnisi semel inventus fungus nobis rarus in lignis vetustis fabrefactis pineis dolii in terra defossi (S&A), a fungus found by us only once in the old worked wood of a barrel buried in the earth.

- [Umbelliferae] bracteae intra umbellas v. capitulum, sub radiis interioribus nunquam (nisi intra capitulum Eryngii) obviae (B&H), bracts within the umbels or capitulum, under the inner rays are never (except within the capitulum of Eryngium) encountered.

- in speciebus nonnullis affinibus articuli vix nisi vi separantur v. legumen integrum remanet (B&H), in some related species the joints are scarcely separated except by force or the legumen remains entire.

- palea 0 nisi glumis simillima (B&H), palea none unless they are very similar to the glumes.

- Celastrineis arcte affines sunt, et non nisi habita, ramificatione, foliis compositis, staminibusque oppositipetalis differunt (B&H) they are closely related to the Celastrineae and they differ only by the habit, the manner of branching, the compound leaves and the stamens opposite the petals.

- planta heterostyla, androdynamica a gynodynamica nisi stylo abbreviato et filamentis exsertis vix diversa, plant heterostylous, the androdynamous one from the gynodynamous except for the abbreviated style and exserted filaments scarcely different (Stearn) [it appears that style and filaments are in the ablative].

- ostiolum nisi in cultura non distinctum, ostiole except in culture not distinct.

- sporae non valde verrocosae nisi in loco prope apiculum, spores not strongly verrucose except in a place near the apiculus.

- genus vix nisi habitu a Zanthoxylo differt, the genus scarcely except for its habit differs from Zanthoxylum.

- herba omnino laevis nisi foliis scaberulis in margine et dorsaliter ad summas, herb everywhere smooth except with leaves scaberulous at the margin and dorsally at the tips.

- genus vix a Cochlearia nisi habitu et seminum testa crassa distinctum (B&H), a genus scarcely distinct from Cochliaria except by the habit and the test of the seed thick.

- Ponerorchidi tipuloidi, Lindl., valde affinis, nisi ejusdem specimen depauperatum (B&H), strongly related to Ponerorchis tipuloides, Lindl., if not a depauperate specimen of the same species.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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