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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
niger, nigra, nigrum (adj.A), “black; black a little tinged with gray” (Lindley); black, dark-colored, a shining or glossy black, opp. candidus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v., a glossy white; ater, atra, atrum (adj.A), q.v. is a dull black, opp. of albus,-a,-um (adj.A), a dull white;
           singular                      plural 
Nom.  niger  nigra  nigrum         nigri   nigrae  nigra       
Gen.  nigri  niagae nigri      nigrorum  nigrarum  nigrorum      
Dat.  nigro  nigrae nigro                 nigris  
Acc.  nigrum nigram nigrum       nigros nigras   nigra              
Abl.  nigro  nigra  nigro                nigris 
NOTE: declined like pulcher, q.v.

- juventute (young state), aetate (in time), maturitate (at maturity): (abl. of time within which): pileus juventute niger, pileus in youth shining black.

- bruised: contusus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus ubi contusus nigricans, pileus when bruised becoming blackish.

- cut: scissus,-a,-um (part.A), sectus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus postquam sectus nigricans, pileus after having been cut turning blackish.

- exudatum colore nigro, exudate with the color glossy black.

- flores magni, petalis albis, venis nigris (B&H), flowers large, with the petals white, with the veins black.

- stipulae setaceae, basi nigro-glandulosae (B&H), stipules bristly, at the base with black glands.

- antheris violaceo-nigris differt, it differs by the anthers violaceous-black.

- partes foliáceae saepe glandulis pellucidis punctatae, v. punctis vesiculosis nigris conspersae (B&H), the foliaceous parts often dotted with pellucid glandules or scattered with black vesiculose dots.

- bracteolae saepius nigro-punctatae, incisae dentatae v. integerrimae. Cotyledones saepius nigro-punctata (B&H), the bracteoles more often black-dotted, incised, dentate or completely entire. The Cotyledones more often black-dotted.

- calyce nigro-lineato (B&H), with the calyx black-lined.

- semina nitidissima, nigra, caerulescentia v. 2-coloria (B&H), the seeds very shiny, black, bluish or bicolored.

- bacca sphaerica, 2-sperma, lutea, denique nigra (Swartz), the berry spherical, 2-seeded, yellow, finally black.

- Cal. duplex. Exterior semi-5-fidus: laciniis ovatis, acutis, glabris 1. pubescentibus 1. atomis nigris hinc inde adspersis (Swartz), Calyx double. The outer half-way 5-fid; with the laciniae ovate, acute, glabrous or [vel] pubescent or [vel] scattered here and there with black particles.

- flores parvuli, nunc minimi, viridi-flavescentes v. purpurascentes, interdum fere nigri (B&H), the flowers rather small, sometimes minute, greenish-yellow or purplish, sometimes almost black.

- [lichen] thallus coloris nigri, fusci, obscure olivacei, raro cinerascentis (glaucescentis) (Nyl.), the thallus of a black [i.e. grayish-black] color, blackish-brown, dull olive, rarely ash-gray (bluish-gray).

Mare (s.n.III) Nigrum, gen.sg. Maris Nigri, the Black Sea;

- in campis ad mare nigrum (DeCandolle), in fields on the Black Sea..

NOTE: as ‘niger,-ra,-rum’ is a glossy black, compounds such as lucenti-niger,-ra,-rum (adj.A), and nitenti-niger, ‘shining’ black, are used for emphasis.
Niger,-ri (s.m.I), abl. sg. Nigro: a county or country: Niger.

Launaea nigricola , dwelling in Niger; Xanthium nigri , Xanthium of the Niger.
Niger (s.m.I), Nigra (s.f.I): black person; black people; a negro or pl. negroes;

- decoctum corticis interioris glutinosum, Ulmï simillimum, in Elephantiaii Nigrorum praestans dicitur (Swartz), a glutinous potion of the inner bark, very similar to Ulmus, is said to be excellent for the Elephantiasis of Negroes.

- [CANELLA alba, of the West Indies] Cortex succedaneum corticis Winterî, apud Nigros usum praebet Cinnamomi, aliorumque aromatum (Swartz) the bark as a substitute of the bark of Winter, among the Negros it provides the usefullness of Cinnamom, and of certain aromas.

- nomen vulg. Congo Mahoe, quia ex Africa olim allatum dicunt Nigri (Swartz), the common name is Congo Mahoe, because the Negroes say it was once brought from Africa.

- In sola India occidentali occurrit Nigris junior commeditur, Jonjo dictus (Swartz), it occurs only in the West Indies. A youth of the Negroes commented that it was called Jonjo.

Flumen Nigrum, the Black River, the Niger. Nigeria,-ae (s.f.I), the country Nigeria; nigerianus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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