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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Microscope: microscopium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. microscopio; cf. lens; usu. a hand magnifying glass: lens gen. sg. lentis (s.f.III), abl. sg. lenti or lente; see glass; see magnification;

oculo armato (abl.sg.; abj.A), with the equipped eye, i.e. ‘armed’ with a magnifying glass; opp. oculo inermi (abl.sg.; adj.B).

ope lente, with the aid of a lens; ope microscopio, with the aid of a microscope [> ops, gen.sg. opis (s.f.III), abl. sg. ope, means, help, aid].

per (prep. + acc.) microscopium, [sc. ‘seen’] through the microscope;

- [musci] capsulae exiguae subrotundae fuscae, urnae per microscopium urceolatae, ora laeves, exiguo annulo cincta, ciliis inconspicuis, forte quoniam introversae sunt (C. Mueller), capsules puny [i.e. underdeveloped], somewhat round, blackish-brown, the urns through the microscope urn-shaped, the mouths smooth, bound with a meagre annulus, with the cilia inconspicuous, perhaps because they are turned towards the inside.

sub (prep. + abl.) microscopio, (sc. ‘seen’) under the microscope;

- folia sub microscopio amoene viridia (C. Mueller), leaves beautifully green under the microscope.

- cystocarpia non nisi dissecta fronde et sub microscopio conspicua, cystocarpia only conspicuous with the frond dissected and under a microscope.

sub vitro (abl. vitrum,-i (s.n.II) ‘glass’): ‘under the lens.’

Compound microscope: microscopium compositum (part.A);

- perithecia aculeis (vix oculo armato manifestis at ope microscopii compositi perspicuis) obruta, perithecia with prickles (hardly evident under a lens but with the help of the compound microscope quite clear) covered (Stearn).

- areolatione e cellulis subquadratis, minimis, valde chlorophyllosis et sub validissimo microscopii augmento tantum distinguendis (DozyMoek), with the areolation of subquadrate cells, very small, strongly chlorophyoose and only to be distinguished under the most powerful magnification of the microscope.

Electron microscope: microscopium electronicum (adj.A);

- conidia per microscopium electronicum visa, conidia by means of the electron microscope (acc. case) seen.

Light microscope: microscopium lucidum (adj.A).

Objective lens, objective (Eng. noun), an object glass : ”a lens or system of lenses that forms an image of the object on a screen (as in a camera or projector) or in the focal plane of an eyepiece (as in a telescope or microscope)” (WIII: lens, gen.sg. lentis (s.f.III) objectiva (adj.A),, abl. sg. lente objectiva:

- [lichen] e lentibus objectivis quibusdam pendet color glauco-coerulescens vel virescens, quae sporis incoloribus saepe adtribuitur (Nyl.), from [i.e. based on] certain objective lenses depends a glaucous-blue or greenish color, which is often attributed to colorless spores.

Transmitted-light microscope: microscopium luce transmissa (abl.sg.).

Incident-light microscope (e.g. a dissection microscope): microscopium incidentim lucidum; microscopium luce incidenti (abl. sg.)

Transmitted-light microscope: microscopium luce transmissa (abl.sg.);

- basidiosporis eis Rhodocybes sub microscopio luce transmissa similibus, with basidiospores similar to those of Rhodocybe under the transmitted light microscope.

- sub lente, under a lens (the usual expression of eighteenth-century authors is, however, oculo armato)

- perithecia aculeis (vix oculo armato manifestis at ope microscopii compositi perspicuis) obruta, perithecia with prickles (hardly evident under a lens but with the help of the compound microscope quite clear) covered (Stearn)

- [algae] annuli tenuissimi, optimo microscopio tantum discernendi, aequales (Agardh), the annuli very thin, only to be discerned with the best microscope, equal [i.e. uniform].

- [algae] descriptio Vaucherii bona ut & icon, si exceperis dimensionem interstitiorum, quorum autem observatio & definitio a situ speculi microscopici lucisque conjectione pendet (Agardh), the description of Vaucher is good, as is also his illustration, if you would have excepted the dimension of the interstices, the observation of which, however, and the definition hangs from [i.e. depends on] the position of the microscopic mirror and the condensing of light.

- [algae] fila densissime intertexta, incertae longitudinis, tenuissima, atque optimo tantum microscopio observanda, hyalina (Agardh), filaments very densely interwoven, of undetermined length, very thin and to be observed only under the best microscope, hyaline.

- [algae] huius massae si particulam sub microscopio observaveris, specimina videbis innumera quoad formam cellularum omnino similia, sed quoad numerum diversa, (Braun), if you had observed a particle of the mass of this under the microscope, you will see examples innumerable as to the shape of the cells completely similar, but diverse as to number.

- [lichen] hypothecium infra album dicitur incolor; partes similiter ceterae apothecii vel hymenii, quae siccae sectione albae conspiciuntur, sub microscopio aquaque immersae adparent dilute flavae vel hyalinae (Nyl.), the hypothecium below the white, is said to be colorless; similarly the other parts of the apothecium or hymenium, which when dry in section are observed to be white, under the microscope and immersed in water, they appear to be dilute [i.e. pale] yellow or hyaline.

- [lichen] sporae Lichenum aut sunt 1° incolores (albae vel fere hyalinae, ubi accumulatae conspiciuntur, sub microscopio autem aspectus dilute flavi), aut 2° fuscescentes vel fuscae (Ny.), the spores of Lichen are either 1° colorless (white or almost hyaline when they are observed in a heaped up in a mass (under the microscope, however, the appearances are a dilute yellow), or 2° becoming brownish-black or actually brownish-black.

- [lichen] sporae sphaericae (numquam nigricantes) sub microscopio visae incolores vel subincolores (flavescentes), copiose accumulatae capitulum apotheciorum globoso-pulverulentum efficientes (Agardh), spores spherical (never becoming black [i.e. blackish]) seen under the microscope colorless or nearly colorless (yellowish), when abundantly heaped up, producing the globose- powdery capitulum of the apothecia.

- [algae] articuli, si lente parum augente observatur frons, fere ubique geniculis obscurioribus distinguendi, diametro semper breviores; sub microscopio venae confluunt, articúlatae apparent, et siphones tantum in ultimis ramulis evidentes observantur, ibi quoque numerosi ( 5 - 7 ) (Agardh), the joints [i.e. articuli], if the frond is examined by magnifying a little with a lens, almost everywhere to be distinguished from the more indistinct genicula, are always shorter [i.e. smaller] in diameter; under the microscope the veins run together, they appear jointed [i.e. articulated], and the siphones [i.e. tubular structures]are only observed to be evident on the ultimate [i.e. most distant]] branches, also there they are numerous (5-7).

- [musci] O.cupulato haud dissimile, sed e foliorum areolatione primo adspectu sub microscopio distinguitur (C. Mueller), scarcely dissimilar to Orthotrichum cupulatum, but it is distinguished at first sight [i.e. immediately] under the microscope by the areolation of the leaves.

- [musci] A Gr. apocarpa reticulatione crenulata, haud leviter quadrata sub microscopio primo momento distinguitur (C. Mueller), from Grimmia apocarpa it is distinguished at the first moment [i.e. immediately] under the microscope, by the crenulated reticulation [i.e. network, areolation], not weakly quadrate.

micronicus,-a,-um (adj.A): micronic, “visible under the microscope” (Jackson).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

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