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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
lyrate, lyre-shaped, “pinnatifid with a large and rounded terminal lobe and with the lower lobes small” (Fernald 1950); “... usually referring to leaves with a broad rounded tip and sinuate sides diminishing in width towards the base” (Stearn 1996): lyratus,-a,-um (adj.A) [> L. lyra,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. lyra, from the Greek word lyra, a lute, lyre, a stringed instrucment resembling the cithara". to define [[Lyroglossa grisebachii (Cogn.) Schltr.?];

- foliis inferioribus lyratis, lobo terminali subrotundo, superioribus obovatis dentatis (DeCandolle), the lower leaves lyrate, with the terminal lobe nearly rounded, the upper [leaves] obovate-dentate.\

- foliis inferioribus lyratis, lobo terminali ovato, superioribus pinnatipartitis, lobis lineari-oblongis integerrimis (DeCandolle), with the lower leaves lyrate, with the terminal lobe ovate, the upper [leaves] pinnate-parted, with the lobes linear-oblong, completely entire.

- foliis radicalibus et inferioribus pinnatipartito- lyratis, lobis terminalibus foliisque summis ovatis dentatis (DeCandolle), with the basal leaves and lower ones pinnati-partite-lyrate, with the terminal lobes and highest leaves ovate-dentate.

- foliis radicalibus et inferioribus pinnatipartito- lyratis, lobis lateralibus ovatis terminali cordato integro, foliis superioribus basi obtuse auriculatis (DeCandolle), basal and lower leaves pinnati-parted-lyrate, with the lateral lobes ovate, the terminal [one] cordate, entire, with the upper leaves at the base obtusely auriculate.

- foliis inferioribus dentato-lyratis, lobis lateralibus dentiformibus, terminali maximo subcordato, superioribus ovatis (DeCandolle), with the lower leaves dentate-lyrate, with the lateral lobes shaped like teeth, with the terminal most greatly subcordate, with the upper [leaves] obovate.

- folia radicalia lyrata Dorooici plantaginei fere aemula. (DeCandolle), the basal leaves lyrate almost rivalling [those] of Dorooicus plantagineus.

- foliis radicalibus sinuate-lyratis, mediis oblongo-ovalibus dentatis, summis oblongo linearibus integris (DeCandolle), with the basal leaves sinuate-lyrate, the middle oblong-oval, toothed, the highest [leaves] oblong-linear, entire.

- foliis pubescentibus inferioribus lyrato-runcinatis, summis lanceolatis acuminatis (DeCandolle), the lower leaves pubescent, lyrate-runcinate [i.e. dentate with teeth pointing downward], the highest lanceolate acuminate.

lyratipartitus,-a,-um (part.A); lyratisectus,-a,-um (part.A): “pinnatifid, with the upper lobes much larger than the lower” (Lindley).

Arabis lyrata, a plant with the basal and cauline leaves lyrate-pinnatifid; Quercus lyrata, a tree with leaves leaves that are lyrate, sinuate-pinnatifid, the basal lobes shorter and separated from the upper ones by a broad sinus.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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