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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
luridus,-a,-um (adj.A): “dingy” (Fernald 1950); classically 'pale yellow, sallow, wan, ghastly, lurid;' dirty brown, smoky yellow, drab yellow; sometimes confused in application with lividus, q.v. (Stearn 1983); wan or ghastly, pale; fuscus,-a,-um (adj.A) is a grayish to blackish brown; cf. ochraceus,-a,-um (adj.a), yellowish-brown;

- flores ores majusculi, albi, virentes, flavicantes v. luridi, solitarii v. paniculati (B&H), flowers somewhat large, white, greenish, yellowish or [dirty brown, drab yellow], solitary or paniculate.

- flores saepius purpurascentes luridi virescentes v. pallidi (B&H), flowers more often purplish, dirty greenish or pallid [i.e. pale in color].

- flores mediocres, albi v. luridi, corollas lobis apice undulato-emarginatis v. planis(B&H), flowers medium, white or dingy, corollas with lobes at the apex undulate-emarginate or flat.

- floribus paniculatis lurido-purpureis luteo-variegatis (DeCandole), with the flowers paniculate dingy-purple yellowish-variegated [i.e. variegated with yellow].

-[Brachychiton luridum] corolla paene biuncialis livida variegata, intus saltem ex parte tomentosa (F. Mueller), corolla almost two inches long, dingy [i.e. mixed with gray], variegated, at least inside in part tomentose.

- [a fungus: P. lurida] recens ac humida disco albido-caesia vel incana, margine subtusque ex ochreo fuscescens (s&A), fresh and moist, with the disk whitish-caesius [i.e. bluish-gray] or grayish-white, at the margin [and below] darkening [i.e. becoming grayish-brown] from ochreous [i.e. ochraceous, or yellowish-brown, to fuscescent].

- [a fungus] A. G. luridus: a, luridus b, cinereus c. rubescens: stipes mediocris, breviusculus , firmus, satis crassus, varie adscendens; in a, albidus vel pallidus, rarius subfuligineus; in b, cinerascens; in c, maculis rubellis majusculis anomalis variegatus. Ita in hac et pileus , ceteroquin mox luridus, mox pallidus, nonnumquam etiam totus sordide rubescens (S&A), stipe medium, somewhat short, firm, moderately thick, variously ascending; in a, whitish or pallid, more rarely somewhat sooty-brown; in b, grayish; in c, variegated with reddish largish irregular spots.

- (in mosses: C. Mueller, note ‘lurid’ may mean pale, or dingy or yellowish, or in some cases ‘bright’): calyptra membranacea lurido-alba, calyptra membranaceous, ‘dirty- or dingy-white;’ omnes lurido-virides pellucidae, the whole thing dingy-green, pellucid; folia lurido - viridia, leaves a pale yellow-[dingy] green; folii laminae intense lurido-virides, the laminae of the leaf intensely lurid-green [yellow green]; foliis lurido albis non glaucis, with the leaves lurid white, not glaucous; folia ex lurido squalide viridia, the leaves from [perhaps brightly?] to squalidly green.

Conyza lurida; Hieracium luridipes Hieracium luridulum Senecio luridus Taraxacum luridum; Hygrohypnum luridum, a pleurocarpous moss, “the name of the species refers to a “dirty” shade of yellow-brown” (C&A).

NOTE: [malacology] Arca lurida. Arca testa oblique oblonga, latere antico attenuato-rotundato, postico oblique truncato, margine ventrali bysso hiante; fusa, rufescente tincta, epidermide fusca , The lurid Ark. Shell obliquely oblong, anterior side attenuately rounded, posterior obliquely truncated, ventral margin gaping for the passage of the byssus; brown, stained with light red, covered with a brown sparingly bristled epidermis (Reeve, both Lat. & Eng.).

Didymodon luridus.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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