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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Longitude: longitudo,-inis (s.f.III), acc. sg. longitudinem, abl. sg. longitudine, length,“in the direction of growth” (Lindley); cf. latitudo,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. latitudine, width;

1. (geographical);

- species in regionibus neotropicis et in Canada usque ad gradum occidentalem 86* extensae, species extended into tropical regions and in Canada to 86* degrees west [sc. longitude].

2. (length):

- longitudine, abl. sg., ‘in length;’ longitudine foliorum, with the length of the leaves.

- pedunculis folii longitudine (DeCandolle), the peduncles with the length of the leaf.

- pro longitudine, for the length

- per totam longitudinem rhachidis, over the whole length of the rachis (Stearn).

- operculum capsulam longitudine fere aequans, operculum the capsule in length almost equalling (Stearn).

- corolla staminibus pistillisque ejusdem longitudinis (DeCandolle), with the stamens and pistils of the same length as the corolla.

- stylus longitudine corollae (DeCandolle), the style with the length of the corolla.

- corolla longitudiue calycis (DeCandolle), the corolla with the length of the calyx.

- filamentis conniventibus lineari-subulatis tota longitudine lanuginoso- ciliatis (F. Mueller), with the filaments connivent, linear-subulate, wooly-ciliate the whole length.

- pedicelli lineae longitudinem vix excedentes (F. Mueller), the pedicels scarcely exceding the length of a line [1/12 inch; 2.1 mm].

- corollae parvae albae limbo quinquepartito tubi longitudinem semiaequante (F. Mueller), the corollas small, white, with the limb in five parts half-equaling the length of the tube [i.e. equaling 1/2 the length of the tube].

- carpella oo (pauca v. numerosa), sessilia, secus suturam ventralem per totam longitudinem biseriatim ovuligera (B&H), the carpells [indeterminate] (few or numerous), sessile, biseriatly ovule-bearing along the ventral suture throughout the whole length.

- [alga] tubuli transversales brevissimi dimidium diametri filorum longitudine & latitudine aequantes (Agardh), the transverse tubules very short, equalling half of the diameter of the filaments in length and width.

- [alga] fila capillum humanum crassitie subaequantia, longitudine indeterminata (Agardh), filaments nearly equal to the thickness of a human hair, with indefinite length.

- [alga] rami ramulique apice hyalini in eodem verticillo variae longitudinis (Agardh), branches and branchlets in the same verticil of varible length.

- [alga] pedunculi divaricati, triplum fili diametrum longitudine aequantes (Agardh), the peduncles divaricate, equalling in length the triple diameter of the filament.

- [algae] fila decumbentia, tenuissima, (ita ut nudo oculo singula non conspicua sint) fragillima, ideoque in parvula frustula variae longitudinis disrupta, (Agardh), the filaments decumbent [i.e. prostrate with the tip raised], very thin (such that with the naked eye they [individually] might be not conspicuous) extremely fragile, such that they are broken apart into small frustules of different lengths.

NOTE: west: occidentalis,-e (adj.B) and east: orientalis,-e (adj.B).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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