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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
liver-: in Gk. comp. hepat-, hepato- [> Gk. hepar, hepatos s.n.III].
Liver, an organ of the body: (chem.) liver of sulphur, see hepar,-atis (s.n.III);

Epar: see hepar,-atis (s.n.III).

Hepar,-atis (s.n.III), q.v., abl.sg. hepate, acc. sg. hepar, nom. & acc. pl. hepata, gen.pl. hepatum, dat. & abl.pl. hepatibus: also epar,-atis (s.n.II), abl.sg. epate: the liver; = [> Gk. (h)Epar,-atos (s.n.III), the liver, used as food, as a medicine and as the seat of the feelings, passions, affections; the seat of the soul; = Latin jecur,-oris s.n.III].

NOTE: although a neuter and ending in -ar in the nom.sg., this is not a Latin i-stem neuter noun, as in -ar (q.v.).

Iecur,-oris (s.n.III), abl.sg. iecore, nom.& acc.pl. iecora, gen.pl. iecorum; also jecur,–inoris (s.n.III), abl.sg. jecinore, nom.& acc. pl. iecinora, gen.pl. iecinorum: the liver, used as food, as a medicine and as the seat of the feelings, passions, affections; the seat of the soul.

Iocur,-ineris (s.n.III), abl.sg. iocinere, nom.& acc.pl. iocinera, gen.pl. iocinerum; also iocur,–inoris (s.m.III), abl.sg. iocinore, nom.& acc. pl. iocinora, gen.pl.iocinorum: the liver, used as food, as a medicine and as the seat of the feelings.

Jecur,-oris (s.n.III), abl.sg. jecore, nom.& acc. pl. jecora, gen.pl. jecorum; also jecur,-inoris (s.n.III), abl.sg. jecinore, nom.& acc.pl. jecinora, gen.pl. jecinorum: the liver, used as food, as a medicine and as the seat of the feelings, passions, affections; the seat of the soul; = Gk. hepar,-atis (s.n.III), q.v.

Jocur,-ineris (s.n.III), abl.sg. jocinere, nom.& acc.pl. jocinera, gen.pl. jocinerum; also jocur,–inoris (s.m.III), abl.sg. jocinore, nom.& acc. pl. jocinora, gen.pl.jocinorum: the liver, used as food, as a medicine and as the seat of the feelings.
liver-colored, also pertaining to the liver: hepaticus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.; jecoralis,-e (adj.B), also iecoralis,-e (adj.B); jecorinus,-a,-um (adj.A), also iecorinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

Liver brown or liver maroon “a grayish reddish brown that is redder and deeper than average taupe brown; called also autumn oak; a liver-colored substance (as any of several sulfur compounds) - called also ‘hepar’ (WIII).

hepaticus,-a,-um (adj.A): 1. pertaining to the liver, 2. liver-colored, dark reddish-brown; “dull brown with a little yellow” (Lindley).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2022

 
 
 
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