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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
ligulate, strap-shaped, i.e. moderately long with the two margins parallel, wider than linear; also, furnished with a ligule: ligulatus,-a,-um (adj.A), liguliformis,-e (adj.B), loriformis,-e (adj.B), loratus,-a,-um (adj.A); in Gk. comp. himanto-; band-shaped, q.v.; vittiformis,-e (adj.B) band-shaped; cf. tongue-shaped, oblong with a broadened apex: linguiformis,-e (adj.B), lingulatus,-a,-um (adj.A); cf. spathulatus,-a,-um (adj.A); Lindley makes ligulate a synonym of loratus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.;

NOTE: in bryology, ‘ligulate’ is differentiated from ‘lingulate;’ ‘lingulate’ is “tongue-shaped; oblong with a slightly broadened apex” (Magill 1990); see linguliformis,-e (adj.B).

- in capitulis ligulatis flavae caeruleae v. rarius purpureae v. coccineae, in ligulate capitula yellow, blue or more rarely purple or crimson.

- (moss) foliis distichis ligulatis nervosis apice involutis (Hooker), with the leaves distichous, ligulate, with a strong costa, inturned at the apex.

- (moss) folia viridia, subhorizontalia, ligulata, parum undulata (Hooker), leaves green, nearly horizontal, ligulate, somewhat undulate.

- (moss) folia laxe imbricata, erecto-patentia, ligulata, obtusa, parum concava, subundulata (Hooker), leaves laxly imbricate, erect-spreading, ligulate, obtuse, somewhat concave.

- toro in appendices ligulatas producto (B&H), with the torus elongated into strap-shaped appendages.

- stylus in stigma clavato-ligulatum desinens (B&H), style ending a clavate-ligulate stigma.

- tubo apice in dentes seu lacinias ligulatas (staminodia) 5 cum petalis alternantes diviso (B&H), with the tube at the apex divided into teeth or ligulate laciniae (the staminodia) 5 alternate with the petals.

- petala dorso in laminam 2-6-ligulatam integram v. 3-fidam producta (B&H), the petals on the back extended into a 2-6-ligulate blade, entire or 3-divided.

- [Tacazzea] coronae squamae 5, setaeco-ligulatae, squamellis utrinque brevissimis latis stipatae (B&H), scales of the corona 5, bristle-ligulate, stalked with squamellae on both sides very short, wide.

linear, line-like, “very narrow and elongate, with nearly parallel sides, narrower than ligulate (Magill 1990) of the twelfth part of an inch; ‘measuring about a line:” linealis,-e (adj.B), linearis,-e (adj.B).

radiatiformis,-e (adj.B): having outer florets of the capitulum larger than those of the disc but not ligulate (Stearn).

Ampelamus ligulatus, Pachycarpus ligulatus; Cynanchum ligulatum, Enslenia ligulata [Asclepiadaceae].

NOTE: in Compositae (Bentham & Hooker): capitula ligulata dicuntur si homogama corollis omnibus ligulatis, the capitula are said to be ligulate if homogamous with all of the corollae ligulate; see capitulum,-i (s.n.II).

eligulatus,-a,-um (adj.A): without a ligule.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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