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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Ligula, “a strap. The radiant florets of certain Composites; the membrane which occurs at the base of the lamina of a Grass-leaf; (obsol.) also certain appendages found on the coronet [i.e. corona,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.] of some Asclepiads, alternating with the horns and spreading over the corolla” (Lindley); ligula,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.;

- [Capparis] sépala 4, libera v. ima basi connata, intus nuda glandulosa v. ligula aucta (B&H), sepals 4, free or at the lowest base fused, naked inside glandulose or enlarged with a ligula.

- [Herrania] petala 5, basi cucullato-concava, apice inflexa, in ligulam linearem ante anthesin circinato-involutam longissime producta (B&H), petals 5, at the base cucullate-concave, inflexed at the apex, before anthesis very longly extended into a linear strap, circinate-involute.

- [Herrania] ligula petalorum saepe oo-pollicaris (B&H), ligula of the petals often [indeterminate]-inch [i.e. in length].-

- [Hebepetalum] pétala ligula angusta v. costa prominente et villis copiosis appendiculata (B&H), the petals appendiculate with a narrow strap or prominent costa and with copious villi.

- (Asclepiadeae) Coronae squamae breves, latae, emarginatae, dorso ligula crassa erecta instructae (B&H), the scales of the corona short, broad, emarginate, on the back provided with a thick, erect ligule [i.e. strap].

- (Ascl.)coronae squamae planae, leviter concavae v. convexae, intus basi medio v. sub apice squamella v. ligula auctae v. 2-carinatae (B&H), the scales of the corona flat, lightly concave or convex, inside at the base in the middle or under the apex enlarged with a squamella or ligule or 2-keeled.

- (Cyper.) ligula rarissime ad apicem vaginae laminae opposita (B&H), the ligule very rarely at the apex of the sheath opposite the lamina.

- (Cyper.) vaginae introrsum in longitudinem fissae ore saepius ligula brevi scariosa v. membranacea v. annulo setarum coronato (B&H), the sheathe toward the inside divided in length more often with the mouth crowned with a short, papery or membranaceous ligule or a ring of bristles.

- petala basi saepissime concavo-fornicata apice in ligulam expansa (DeCandolle), the petals at the base very often concave-arched, expanded at the apex into a ligule.

Ligularia L., from ligula, a strap; “from the strap-like ray florets. Compositae (Stearn 1996).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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