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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
lignose, ligneous: “having the texture of wood; of or belonging to wood” (Lindley); woody, wooden, ligneous, made of wood: ligneus,-a,-um (adj.); lignosus,-a,-um (adj.A); note that an herb is a plant with no persistent woody stems above ground; those that have woody parts are generally some form of shrub;

- herbae annuae radice fibrosa, v. perennantes caudice lignoso (B&H), annual herbs with a fibrous root or perennial [herbs] with a woody caudex.

- radices perennes lignosae seu herbaceae annuae (DeCandolle), the roots perennial, woody or herbaceous, annual.

- albumen subligneum, albumen almost woody; see albumen,-inis (s.n.III);

- folia in generibus lignosis saepe opposita, in herbaceis ssepius alterna (B&H), herbs in woody genera often opposite, in herbaceous more often alternate.

- carpella matura lignea, indehiscentia (B&H), mature carpels woody, indehiscent.

- bacca globosa, cortice ligneo (B&H), berry globose, with a woody cortex.

- Hab. ad saxa trabesque ligneos saepe emersos, undarumque spuma irrigatos it dwells on stones and woody planks, often half-submerged and irrigated by the foam of the waves.

- folia in generibus lignosis saepe opposita, in herbaceis saepius alterna (B&H), leaves in woody genera often opposite, in herbaceous [sc. genera] more often alternate.

- capsula magna subvelutina lignosa (F. Mueller), the capsule large, nearly velvety, woody.

- Drupa, compresso-ovata. Ossïculum , fibris lignosis intertextum , in quo nucleus (Necker); drupe compressed-ovate. the Ossiculum [i.e. pyrene] interwoven with woody fibers, in which [is] the nucleus [nutlet].

- Drupa, 1-locuIaris. Ossiculum, lignosum , 4-loculare (Necker), the drupe 1-locular. The ossiculum [i.e. pyrene] woody, 4-locular.

- capsula magna sublignosa imperfecte sericeovelutina acuta tuberculis subconicis inaequaliter echinata (F. Mueller), the capsule large, somewhat woody, incompletely silky-velvety, acute, echinate with subconic tubercles of unequal shape.

- radix lignosa, suberosa, perennis (Swartz), rood woody, corky, perennial.

- nux lignosa, excavata sulcis & apophysibus (Swartz), the nut woody, hollowed out with furrows and swollen areas.

- caulibus basi lignosis repentibus (Boissier), stems at the base woody, prostrate.

- caulibus basi lignosis in caespitem densum durumque congestis (Boissier), with the stems at the base woody, congested into a dense and hard sod.

- caulibus basi fruticosis lignosis (Boissier), with the stems at the base shrubby, woody.

- radix crassa lignosa (F. Mueller), root thick, woody.

Crepis lignea, Pentanema ligneum; Berkheya lignosa; Cousinia lignosissima, ‘very woody;

NOTE: saligneus,-a,-um (adj.A): of willow or willow-wood, pertaining to willow, willowy, like a willow; cf. xyl-.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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