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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Lepis,-idis (s.f.III), abl.sg. lepide: a scale; = L. squama,-ae (s.f.I); note that lepis,-idis, although not often done, may be compounded in either Greek or Latin as ‘lepis’ was also a Roman word, borrowed from the Greek; see scale.
-lepis,-idis (s.f.III): a noun in Gk. comp. -scaled;

      singular       plural 
Nom.  -lepis        -lepides 
Gen.  -lepidis      -lepidum 
Dat.  -lepidi       -lepidibus 
Acc.  -lepidem      -lepides 
Abl.  -lepide       -lepidibus
- pileus stipite longo praeditus. Qui aetate deliquescens, foetidus, lepides obtectus. The pileus provided with a long stipe. And this with age deliquescing, foul smelling, covered with scales.

Cardiolepis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. Cardiolepide, with a heart-shaped scale, > kardia (s.f.I), the heart + lepis, scale; Hypolepis scandens (s.f.III) M. Kessler & A.R. Sm.; Lepidium L. "Name from the Greek lepidion, little scale, alluding to the fruit" (Fernald 1950); Leucolepis (s.f.III), > Gk leucos, white + lepis, scale, in reference to the stem leaves; Platylepis (s.f.III) [Orchideae] Labellum lamina parum dilatata (B&H), the lower labellum with the lamina somewhat dilated; Sclerolepis (s.f.III) > Gk. scleros, hard + lepis, a scale, “from the pappus” (Fernald 1950); Spermolepis Raf. [ > Gk. "sperma, seed, and lepis, scale, alluding to the scurfy or bristly fruit" (Fernald 1950).

Lepidomyces.

NOTE: not to be confused with lapis,-idis, q.v., a stone.

NOTE: -pholis,-idos (s.f.III), q.v., in Gk. comp. -scale: a horny scale (of reptiles), “opp. lepis (of fishes).”



-lepis,-idis (adj.B): in Gk. comp., -scaled; see lepido-, -lepidus,-a,-um (adj.A): in Gk. comp., scale-, scaly;

             singular               plural 
         m.& f.    n.           m.& f.    n. 
Nom.  -lepis     -lepis     -lepides   -lepidia 
Gen.      -lepidis             -lepidium 
Dat.      -lepidi              -lepidibus 
Acc.  -lepidem   -lepis     -lepides   -lepidia 
Abl.      -lepidi              -lepidibus 
- chlorolepis, with green scales; chrysolepis, with scales having the luster of gold; diplolepis, in mosses, with a double peristome; haplolepis, in mosses, with a single peristome; oxylepis, with sharp scales; heterolepis, with unequal scales; oxylepis, with sharp scales; platylepis, with broad scales; polylepis, with many scales.

Carex oxylepis Torr. & Hook., sharp-scaled; Sporobolus heterolepis.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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