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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Lapis,-idis (s.m.III): stone, often cut, quarried or otherwise modified, often a gem-stone, whereas saxum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. saxo is a native detached stone; = Gk. lithos (s.m.II), a stone; a precious stone; see stone;

- inter lapides liberos montinm calcareorum Croatiae (DeCandolle), among loose stones of the calcareous mountains of Croatia.

- stillicidi casus lapidem cavat, the occurrance of dripping hollows out stone.

- lapis,-idis (s.m.III) igniarius: flint (the stone of fire).

- lapis arenarius (adj.A), sandstone.

- habitat ad lapides rupesque irriguas, it grows on wet stones and rocks.

- ad lapidem schistum, on schistose (fissile) stone.

- lapis bibulus (adj.A), pumice-stone, sandstone.

- lapis,-idis (s.m.III) schistos: schist, that easily cleaves or cracks, fissile, schistose, a name given to a kind of red oxide of iron by Pliny.

- ad lapidem schistum, on schistose (fissile) stone.

- lapis schistaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), abl. sg. lapide schistaceo: relating to schistaceous rocks, slaty, slate-gray.

- gemmas et lapides, gems and jewels.

- lapis terminalis (adj.B): boundary stone.

A Linnaean: Kingdom Lapides, or ‘rocks.’ These were deemed to be similar to plants in that they were, neither living nor ‘sentient’, i.e. not having ‘senses’ . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hogg_(biologist) .

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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