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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
involutus,-a,-um (part. A), involutivus,-a,-um (adj.A): involute, “when edges are rolled inwards on each side, as the leaf of the Apple” (Lindley); rolled inward from the edge (i.e. toward the upper side) or apex, as in leaf margins, enveloped, rolled around, wrapped up, surrounded; (in bryology) “rolled upward (adaxially) and tightly inward, applied to leaf margins” (Magill 1990); syn. inrolled; cf. incurved; opp. revolutus,-a,-um (part.A); covered, overwhelmed, by = + abl.; involved, intricate, obscure [> L. involvo,-vi,-utum 3., to roll to or upon anything; to envelop, wrap up, roll around, involve; to cover; to enwrap, wrap, infold, envelop, surround]; cf. evolutus,-a,-um (part.A), unfolded, unrolled; see volutus,-a,-um (part.A); see enveloped;

- (moss) folia perichaetii erecta, inferiora minora ovato-acuminata, superiora lanceolata filiformi-acuminata, basi involuto-concava, the lower smaller, ovate-acuminate, the supper lanceolate, filiform-acuminate, at the base involute-concave.

- marginibus erectis inferne subrevolutis et versus folii apicem magis minusve involutis, with the margins erect, below nearly revolute and toward the apex of the leaf more or less involute.

- margine integerrimo magis minusve involuta, with the margin completely entire, more or less inrolled.

- marginibus exstantibus ve involutis rariusque superne parum recurvis, with the margins projecting or inrolled and more rarely above somewhat recurved.

- os capsulae annulo rubro involutum, the mouth of the capsule surrounded by a red annulus.

- hyphae densae folia involventes, the dense hyphae overwhelming the leaves.

- plants gloeocarpa dicta, i.e. verticillis fertilibus in muco involutis, plant termed 'gloeocarpous' i.e. with fertile whorls in mucilage enveloped (Stearn); cf. gloeo-; to do

- semina obovoidea, in lana endocarpii involuta, ad hilum laterale saepius nuda (B&H), seeds obovoid, enveloped in the wool of the endocarpium, at the lateral hilum more often naked.

- semen substantia gummosa involutum, seed enveloped with a gummy substance.

- semina solitaria, rarius 2-4, arillo cupulato integro v. lacero suffulta v. fere involuta (B&H), seeds solitary, more rarely 2-4, subtended or nearly enveloped by an entire or lacerate cupulate aril.

- Semen unicum, compresum, gluma persistente involutum (Swartz), the seed one, compressed, enfolded in the persistent glume.

- plants gloeocarpa dicta, i.e. verticillis fertilibus in muco involutis, plant termed 'gloeocarpous' i.e. with fertile whorls in mucilage enveloped.

Paxillus involutus, a mushroom whose pileus is inrolled at the margin until late age (Miller).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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