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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
insculptus,-a,-um (part.A): engraved (with markings), cut into, with sunken markings; gouged into or out; embedded in; “insculpt” (Eng.) “embedded in rocks, as some Lichens” (Jackson); to embed by cutting into something; carved, sculpted, carved into a definite shape [> L. insculpo (inscalp-),-psi,-ptum, 3, to cut or carve in or upon, to engrave, imprint; + dat.]; cf. incised; cf. glyph-, glypho-, in Gk. comp.; cf. glypt-, glypto-: in Gk. comp.; cf. sculptus,-a,-um (part.A), exsculptus,-a,-um (part.A);

- incisa et insculpta sunt publicis aeternisque monumentis praetoria ornamenta Pallantis; engraved and sculpted are the praetorian ornaments [i.e. marks of honor] of Pallans on the public and eternal monuments.

with abl. of manner;

- ara cum ingenti titulo Punicis Graecisque litteris insculpto; an altar with a huge inscription engraved [i.e. carved out] with [in the manner of] Punic and Greek letters.

- rhachis scrobiculis calyces fructigeros foventibus insculpta, rachis sculptured with pits holding tightly the fruiting calyces (Stearn).

- [moss] Glyphomitrium Brid. A [Gk. glyphO] ‘insculpo’ et [Gk. mitrion], ob calyptram sulcatam (C. Mueller), Glyphomitrium from glyphO, engraved and mitrion, because of the sulcate [i.e. furrowed] capsule.

- [Euphorbia medicaginea] seminibus subtetragonis profunde vermiculato-insculptis (Boissier), with the seeds somewhat tetragonal [i.e. with four angles], deeply vermiculate-engraved [i.e. carved or etched resembling worms or worm-tracks].

- [conchology] Mitra virgo. Mitr. testa abbreviato-conica, superne obesa, spira truncata, depresso-occulta; transversim sulcis subtillissimis, subpunctatis, undique creberrime insculpta (L.A.Reeve), with the test shortened-conic, above stout, with the spire truncate, depressed-occult [i.e. hidden from view]; all over most closely transversely engraved with the most faint, somewhat punctate, grooves.

- [fungus] cupulam exacte semiglobosam atro - lucidam, cellulae suae ligno insculptae insidentem (S&A), the cupule precisely semi-globose, shining black, its own cells embedded, situated in wood.

- [fungus] cellulis ligno insculptis arcte congestis denso agmine insident peridia majuscula regularia hemi - ellipsoidea seu subhemisphaerica supra planiuscula (S&A), with cells embedded in wood tightly congested, the peridia seated in a dense multitude, rather large, regular, half-ellipsoid or somewhat hemispheric, somethat flat above.

insculptate (Eng.): (fungi) “hollowed in” (S&D), gouged out.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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