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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Innovation: innovatio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. innovatione, nom. pl. innovationes, gen.pl. innovationum, dat.& abl. pl. innovationibus; “shoots which have not completed their growth; a term used in Bryology” (Lindley); “an offshoot from the stem” (Fernald 1950); the most recent shoot in mosses, becoming independent from the parent shoot by dying off at the attachment; a new shoot, a branch formed after the maturity of sex organs, usually just below the inflorescence; (bryology) “a new shoot; in acrocarpic mosses, a branch formed after the formation of sex organs; in mosses subfloral innovations are produced at the base of a gynoecium; in liverworts, between bracts and perianth” (Magill 1990); see shoot; see initial, initials; cf. regeneration;

- (moss) musci acrocarpici illi appellandi sunt, in quibus axis primariae vita fructu definitur, etsi nonnunquam innovatione nova lateraliter ponitur (Cladocarpi), (Mueller), these are to be called acrocarpous mosses, in which the lifetime of the primary axis is defined by the fruit, even if sometimes laterally situated by a new innovation.

- gramen perenne, innovationibus intravaginalibus, grass perennial, with new basal vegetative shoots growing up within the sheath.

- innovationes extravaginales, new shoots outside the sheath (Stearn 1983).

- fructu ex innovationibus minutis lateralibus apicalibus, with the fruit from innovations minute lateral apical.

- innovationes provehentes, advancing shoots.

- pedunculi 1-oo-flori, ad basin innovationum axillares (B&H), peduncles 1-[indeterminate]-flowered, axillary at the base of the innovations.

- gynoecia in innovationibus provehentibus exorientia, gynoecia arising on advancing shoots.

- caulis simplex, rarius innovatione furcatus, stem simple, more rarely forked by innovation.

- caulis pauciramosus sub flore innovatione simplici continuatus (Steph.), the stem few-branched, prolonged by unbranched (simple) innovation under the flower.

- caulis in planta feminea ob innovationes subflorales maxime effuseque ramosus (Steph.), the stem in the female plant most greatly and profusely branched due to subfloral innovations.

- pedunculi 1-oo-flori, ad basin innovationum axillares, et sic ante gemmarum evolutionem saepe pseudo-terminales videntur (B&H), peduncles 1-[indeterminate]-flowered, axillar at the base of innovations, and thus before the development of the buds often seeming pseudo-terminal.

- innovatio e duobus internodiis constans, quarum alterum breve duo cataphylla (Nieder-blaetter Germanorum) opposita cito decidua, alterum longum duo euphylla (Laubblaetter Germanorum) fert, new shoot composed of two internodes, of which the short one bears two opposite deciduous [i.e. quickly falling] cataphylls (Niederblaeter of the Germans), the other two true leaves (Laubblaetter of the Germans) (Stearn) [‘fert’ = ‘it bears’]

Innovatio subfloralis (adj.B), abl. sg. innovatione subflorali: subfloral innovation.

- innovationes subflorales nullae, subfloral innovations none.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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