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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Icon,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. icone, nom. & acc. pl. icones: drawing, engraving, illustration, plate; “pictorial representations of plants” (Lindley); “pictorial representations of plants; botanic figures” (Jackson) [> L. icon,-onis (s.f.III), an image, figure = > Gk. eikOn,-onos (s.f.III), likeness, image, whether picture or statue; = Lat. imagines imperatorum; an image in a mirror; a living image, representation; semblance, phantom; imaginary form; image in the mind similitude, comparison; pattern, archetype (Liddell & Scott); a figure]; see illustration;

- fictae cera icones, images shaped [i.e. fabricated] in wax.

- ex icone, from (i.e. according to) the illustration (Stearn).

- [algae] ceterum nihil ex icone ejus judicandum (Agardh), otherwise nothing is to be resolved [i.e. concluded] from its illustration.

- absque iconibus, lacking illustrations.

- icones plantarum novarum, rariorum vel minus cognitarum, illustrations of new, rare or little known plants (Stearn).

- nova genera plantarum descripta et iconibus illustrata, new genera of plants described and with plates illustrated (Stearn).

- descriptiones et icones graminum, descriptions and illustrations of grasses (Stearn).

- Icon huius floris vid. Tab. V fig. II (Swartz), an illustration of this flower see Table [i.e. plate] 5, figure II.

- fructus ex icone loculicide dehiscens (B&H), fruit from [i.e. according to] the picture loculicidally dehiscent.

- Symbolae botanicae, sive, Descriptiones et icones plantarum novarum aut minus cognitarum", 1832; botanical contributions, or, descriptions and pictures of plants new or less known [Karel Bořivoj Presl (1794–1852), of Prague].

- [moss] ex iconibus CI. Schwägricheni supra laudatis Entosthodon verus esse videtur (C. Mueller), from the recommended pictures of the eminent Schwägrichen above, it seems to be a real Entosthodon.

- species nostra certe Prolifera Floccosa Vauch., esse videtur; convenit enim & descriptio & pulchra Icon (Agardh), our species certainly seems to be Prolifera Floccosa Vauch.; for both the description and the beautiful illustration is consistent [with it].

- Comparata descriptione fructus nostra cum icone F. Fili, quam in Schrader Journ. f. d. Bot. III, dedit Cel. Link, omnino patet, hanc speciem ejusdem esse ac Fucum F i 1 u m generis, id quod jam suspicaverunt Cel. Turner et Stackhouse (Agardh), having compared our description of the fruit with the illustration, which the celebrated Link furnished in Schrader Journ.f.d.Bot.III, it completely shows [i.e. demonstrates] this species to be of the same genus as Fucus filus, this which the celebrated Turner and Stackhouse have already suspected.

- synonyma auctorum adjeci qui Iconibus aut descriptionibus rem herbariam illustrarunt, sed nullum fide alterius (Desf.), I have added the synonyms of authors who elucidated the field of botany with illustrations or descriptions, but no [i.e. synonym] on the assurance of other [sc. authors].

- [Iris juncea; Poir. Itin. 2. p. 8S.] Icon lacinias omnes erectas et aequales repraesentat, dum interiores tantum erectae sint et exteriores duplo triplove majores (Desf.), the picture shows all the laciniae erect and [equal], and yet only the inner ones may be erect and the outer ones are two or three times larger.

- Icones autorum variorum ex Clusio repetitae plantam juniorem repraesentant (Desf.), the illustrations of different authors repeated [i.e. redrawn] from [Carolus] Clusius, represent younger plants.

- stigma distincte trilobum, quae structura icone cujusdam Conostylis in Dietr. Flor. Universalis, t. LXXIV. optime exprimatur (F. Muell.), the stigma is clearly trilobed, the structure of which it may be in the best way copied from a picture of a certain [species of] Conostylis in Dietr. Flor. Universalis, t. [tabula, = plate] 74.

- flores non vidi, ex cl. Hook. descriptione in Ph. [Phebalium] truncato octandri, sed nihilo minus in tabula lithographica staminibus decem pictore illustrati (F. Muell.), I have not seen the flowers, 8-stamened according to the description of the celebrated Hooker in Phebalium truncatum, but illustrated nevertheless with 10 stamens in the lithographic plate by the painter.

NOTE: the figure (figura,-ae (s.f.I), abbrev. ‘fig.’) is often used of a ‘detail’ in a larger plate (tabula,-ae (s.f.I) of figures, both of which comprise the illustration (icon,-onis (s.f.III);

- icon huius floris vid. Tab. V fig. II (Swartz), an illustration of this flower see Table [i.e. plate] 5, figure II.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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