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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Hortus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. horto: garden, q.v.; “an enclosure for plants; a garden, a pleasure-garden, fruit-garden, kitchen-garden, [syn. pomarium, viretum, viridarium (Lewis & Short); cf. olerarium, seminarium, viridarium; see garden;

NOTE: (abbrev.) hort., q.v.

- hortorum, of gardens.

- praefectus,-i (s.m.II) hortorum, the director of the gardens.

- hortus siccus (adj.A), herbarium.

- Hortus Medicus, Physic Garden.

- Var. [alpha] quae etiam sylvestris reperitur, forsan tamen ex hortis migrata (DeCandolle), the var. alpha, which is also found in the wild, perhaps nevertheless migrated from gardens.

- priore minor, florens jam biennis, folia tardius autumno deponens et tepidarium per hyemem in nostris hortis requirens (DeCandolle), smaller than the preceding, flowering [till now] biennially, the leaves falling more lately in the autumn and requiring a warm greenhouse in our gardens throughout the winter.

- olim in hortis cultus (DeCandolle), at one time cultivated in gardens.

- in horto Bengalensi a Roxburgio lecta (DeCandolle), in a Bengal garden collected by Roxbury.

- petioli in hortis semper inermes, in plantis sponte nascentibus forte aculeati (Swartz), the petioles in gardens are always unarmed [i.e. thornless], in plants spontaneously arisen possibly aculeate [i.e. thorny].

- crescit in foliis Grossulariae passim —Ribis rubri (in horto nostro) rarior (S&A), it grows here and there on the leaves of Grossulariae - on Ribes rubrum (in our own garden) more infrequent.

- frequens in hortis eorumque rejectamentis folia calycesve Dianthi Caryophylli marcidos aut prorsus arefactos semiputres incolit (S&A), frequent in gardens, and on litter, it settles on withered leaves, or the shrivelled [but attached] calyces of Dianthus Caryophyllus or entirely withered, half rotted ones.

- in quisquiliis vegetabilibus humi jacentibus hortorum, agrorum etc. coelo pluvio minime infrequens (S&A), on discarded plant litter on the ground of gardens, fields, etc., least infrequent in wet weather.

- in ramis amputatis inter rejectamenta horti (S&A), on the pruned branches amid the litter of a garden.

- [Physarum; a slimemold; Mycetozoa]] intra hortorum rejectamenta aliosve acervos (Trichospermorum in universum ditissimos) in foliis, stipulis, ramulis etc. suffocatis minime infrequens post imbres obvius fuit fungillus (S&A), the fungillus [i.e. slimemold] was encountered, being the least infrequent after heavy rains among the litter of gardens and other heaps [i.e. of things] (the richest, as a whole, [being heaps of] of Trichosperma [Malvaceae]) on smothered leaves, stubble, branchlets, etc.

- hospitatur et colitur in hortis Ind. occidentalis, pro usu culinario (Swartz), habituated and cultivated in the gardens of the West Indies, for culinary use.

- [Gomphrena} Planta in hortis lanugine plerumque destituta (Swartz), the plant in gardens usually lacks the down [i.e. that typically covers the capsule].

- (v. v. sub dio in hortis angl. et nunc Genev.) (DeCandolle), vidi vivam, “I have (seen) it in the living state” in the open air in English gardens [anglicis] and presently of Geneva [Switzerland].

- Var. quae etiam sylvestris reperitur, forsan tamen ex hortis migrata (DeCandolle), a variety which also was found wild, perhaps, however, transpored from gardens.

- [Lepidium sativum] nunc in hortis Europae frequens cultum (DeCandolle), now frequent, cultivated in the gardens of Europe.

- priori valde aff. et cum ea interdum in hortis confusa (DeCandolle), strongly [i.e. closely] related to the previous [sc. species] and with this sometimes confused in gardens.

- interdum in hortis sub nomine Heliocarpi occurrit (DeCandolle), sometimes in gardens it occurs under the name Heliocarpus.

- cultus in hort. Paris. ubi nondum floruit (DeCandolle), cultivated in the Paris [Botanical] Garden, where it has not yet flowered [Paris. = abbrev. Parisii or parisiensis: Paris, France].

- priore minor, florens jam biennis, folia tardius autumno deponens et tepidarium per hyemem in nostris hortis requirens (DeCandolle), smaller than the preceding, flowering [till now] biennially, the leaves falling more lately in the autumn and requiring a warm greenhouse in our gardens throughout the winter.

- loca sibi eligit umbrosa culta hortorum, agrorum etc. quae passim incolit autumno et vere (S&A), it selects places for itself [that are] shaded, cultivated, of gardens, of cultivated fields, etc. which far and wide it inhabits in autumn and spring.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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