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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
herbaceus,-a,-um (adj.A): “merely green, or thin, green, and cellular, as the tissue of membranous leaves. Also producing an annual stem from a perennial root” (Lindley); “having the characters of an herb; leaf-like in color and texture” (Fernald 1950); "herbaceous, i.e. grass-green or yellow-green in color, or green and slightly fleshy, [succulent], as opposed to faded, colorless and dry, particularly with reference to bracts, or with annual usually juicy stems as opposed to perennial woody stems" (Stearn); opp. papery, q.v.; see annual;

- a Cr. Chilensi facillime distinguitur caule frutescente nec herbaceo, (DeCandolle), from Cremolorus Chilensis it is easily distinguished by the stem shrubby, not herbaceous.

- radices perennes lignosae seu herbaceae annuae (DeCandolle), the roots perennial, woody or herbaceous, annual.

- flora campi gramineo-herbaceo-suffruticosi vel campi aridi graminosi, with the flora of the grass-herb-subshrub field (campo sujo) or of the dry grassy field (campo limpo).

- habitu herbaceo vel suffruticoso, with the habit herbaceous or suffruticose.

- caulis subherbaceus, basi fruticulosus (Swartz), the stem nearly herbaceous, at the base like a shrub.

- rami herbacei, laxi, the branches herbaceous, lax [i.e. ‘with annual, perhaps juicy branches].

- rami patentes, teretes, scabri, juniores herbacei (Swartz), the branches spreading, terete, scabrous, the younger herbaceous.

- sepala distincta, herbacea v. rarius petaloidea (B&H), the sepals separate, herbaceous [i.e. leaf-like] or more rarely petaloid.

- folia in generibus lignosis saepe opposita, in herbaceis saepius alterna (B&H), herbs in woody genera often opposite, in herbaceous more often alternate.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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