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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

habitat: 'it inhabits' “3d pers. sg. pres. indic. of habitare,’to inhabit;’ ‘it inhabits’ [> L. habito,-avi,-atum 1. (habitans,-antis) to inhabit, dwell]; habitant: 3d pers. pl. pres. indic. of ‘habitare:’ ‘they inhabit;’ cf. incolit, ‘it inhabits, dwells;’

- habitat thermas aponinas, it inhabits the warm springs of Abano (Stearn).

- in ligno habitat, it grows on wood.

- in virgulis caulibusque arborum angiospermarum habitat, it grows on twigs and stems of hardwoods.

- regiones temperatas vage habitat; temperate regions far and wide it inhabits.

- Hab. in sylvis ad arborum radices, it grows in forests on the roots of trees.

- Hab. in argillosis umbrosis Ohionis, it grows in clayey shady (places) of Ohio.

- Hab. in arenosis humidis Raccoon montium Alabamae, it grows in sandy moist (places) of Raccoon mountains of Alabama.

- Hab. in sabulosis Ohionis inferioris, it grows in sandy places of lower (southern) Ohio.

- Hab. ad lapides rupesque irriguas, it grows on wet stones and rocks.

- in foliis specierum Cucurbitacearum, on the leaves of species of the Cucurbitaceae.

- Habitat ad loca glareosa et petrosa in summis Serra Negra prope Rio Preto, Minas Gerais, it grows in gravelly and rocky places in the summits of the Serra Negra near Rio Preto.

- tertia species Australiam habitat (B&H), the third species inhabits Australia.

- species nobis cognita, vel bene descriptae ad 580 attingunt, quarum maxima pars Brasiliam et Guianam incolunt; ceterae regionibus tropicis et humidis Americae, Africae, et Asiae vigent; perpaucae regiones calidas extratropicas Americae borealis et australis, Africaeque australis habitant (B&H), the species recognized by us, or well described, reach to 580, the greatest part of which inhabit Brasil and Guiana, the rest live in tropical and moist regions of America, Africa and Asia; a very few inhabit hot, extratropical regions of north and south America, and of southern Africa.

- species perpaucae regiones calidas extratropicas Americae borealis et australis habitant (B&H), a very few species inhabit extratropical hot regions of North and South America.

- Berberideae pleraeque, in zona temperata hemisphaerae borealis habitant et in montosis stant (DeCandolle), many of the Berberideae dwell in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere and stand in the mountains.

- species, pleraeque polymorphae, ad 60, regiones temperatae, alpinae, et frigidae totius orbis habitant (B&H), the species and many polymorphs, to 60, inhabit temperate, alpine and cold regions of the entire world.

- plerae species Europam australem, Africam borealem, Syriam, Asiam Minorem, et Persiam habitant, paucae provincias finitimas Indiae, attingunt (B&H), most species inhabit southern Europe, northern Africa, Syria, Asia Minor and Persia, a few reach the provinces bordering India.
Habitat, “the situation in which a plant grows in a wild state” (Lindley); the kind of place in which a plant grows, the (local) environment [> L. “3d pers. sg. pres. indic. of habitare,’to inhabit;’ ‘it inhabits.’ ‘Habitat’ has become an English word and derives from “the initial word in Latin descriptions of species of fauna and flora in old natural histories” for “the place where a plant or animal species naturally lives and grows” (WIII); habitant, 3d pers. pl. pres. indic. of habitare: ‘they inhabit:’ see incolens,-entis (part.B), inhabiting;

1. statio,-onis (s.f.III), abl.sg. statione, ‘habitat, station.’

2. solum (s.n.II) natale (adj.B), abl. sg. solo natali,

'birth place;' solum patrium (adj.A), ‘birth place;’ also locum,-i (s.n.II) natale (adj.B), locum patrium (adj.A): habitat, birth place, paternal soil.

3. -cola,-ae; -icola,-ae (s.c.I) dweller: paludicola, swamp-dweller;

arenicola, sand-dweller; nivicola, snow-dweller; petricola,-ae (s.c.I): dweller among rocks; praticola,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. praticola: dwelling in meadows.

4. -genus,-a,-um (-born), in Gk. or L. comp.: hortigenus,-a,-um (adj.A): raised or born in a garden; nivigenus,-a,-um (adj.A), born of or native to snows or snowy regions; nubigenus,-a,-um (adj.A), dweller in the clouds, born of the clouds, cloud-forest dweller; paludigenus (marsh-born); phyllogenus, growing upon a leaf; psammogenus,-a,-um (adj.A), born of the sands, dweller in sandy regions; saxigenus, born in stony places] terrigenus, arising from soil.

5. "adjectival endings indicating possession or connexion” (Stearn, 1983, p. 205);

-alis,-e (adj.B), in L. comp.;

- arborealis,-e (adj.B): growing on or in trees [arbor, gen. sg. arboris (s.f.III), tree]; nemoralis,-e (adj.B): of or relating to a grove or wood, woody, sylvan, of groves [nemus,-oris (s.n.III), open woodland].

- musci arboreales vel terrestres, arboreal or terrestrial mosses.

-aneus,-a,-um (adj.A), in L. comp.;

- mediterraneus,-a,-um (adj.A): inland, in the middle of the land, remote from the sea [terra,-ae (s.f.I), earth, land]; terrenus,-a,-um (adj.A), earthy, earthen, consisting of earth; terrestrial, belonging to the land or earth.

-aticus,-a,-um (adj.A), in L. comp.;

- sylvaticus,-a,-um (adj.A), silvaticus,-a,-um (adj.A), pertaining to woods, growing wild [silva,-ae (s.f.I), forest].

-ensis,-e (adj.B), ‘place of occurrence,’ in L. comp.;

- arvensis,-e (adj.B), pertaining to cultivated fields; hortensis,-e (adj.B), pertaining to gardens, raised in a garden; nemorensis,-e (adj.B), of open woodlands; pratensis,-e (adj.B): growing in meadows.

- baikalensis,-e (adj.B), growing in the Baikal region; chilensis,-e (adj.B), growing in Chile; chihuahuensis,-e (adj.B), growing in the province of Chihuahua or the Chihuahua desert; guatemalensis,-e (adj.B), growing in Guatemala; nepalensis,-e (adj.B), growing in Nepal.

-estris,-e (adj.B), in L. comp.;

- campestris,-e (adj.B), born in or raised in a plain; palustris,-e (adj.B), of marshy places; sylvestris,-e (adj.B), in forested or generally wild places; rupestris,-e (adj. B), on rocks, cliffs; terrestris,-e (adj.B), raised in earthy places.

-inus,-a,-um (adj.A), in L. comp.;

- collinus,-a,-um (adj.A): pertaining to hills, hilly; upland, ‘growing on low hills” [> collis,-is (s.m.III), hill, high ground].

-osus,-a,-um (adj.A), in L. comp.;

- nemorosus, woodland places; paludosus, swampy places.

- Vanilla paludosa ab omnibus aliis speciebus sui generis habitu paludoso differt, Vanilla paludosa differs from all other species of its own genus by the swampy habit

6. in Gk. comp.: -philus,-a,-um (adj.A) 'philous, -loving:' eremophilus,-a,-um (adj.A): desert-loving; halophilus, salt-loving; heliophilus, sun-loving; hydrophilus, growing in water; psammophilus, sand-loving.

7. -phyton,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. -phyto: in Gk. comp. 'plant;' halophyton, salt-loving plant; heliophyton, sun-loving plant; hydrophyton, water-loving plant; psammophyton, sand-loving plant.

8. -phyticus,-a,-um (adj.A): in Gk. comp., having to do with plants, generally referring to the habitat in which plants are characteristically found, as well as to plants typical of such habitats; many are used of both the plants and the habitats in which they are found; halophyticus, associated with salty soil; heliophyticus, of sunny places; hydrophyticus, of wet places.

9. loca, plural (pl.n.II), gen. pl. locorum (of locum,-i (s.n.II), ‘place’], indicates places connected with one another, neighborhood, region (Lewis & Short) + adjectives such as apricus (adj.A), sunny, open; aridus (adj.A) or siccus (adj.A), dry; arenaceus (adj.A), sandy; umbrosa, shady. Often the noun ‘loca’ is omitted, but understood, hence: aprica, sunny, open [places]; arida, dry [places]. Often the plural adjective and the prep. ‘in’ + abl. is used in descriptions;

- in apricis (in open or sunny places); in aridis, in siccis (in dry places); in arenaceis (in sandy places); in umbrosis (in shady places).

- (also:) in locis apricis, in sunny places.

10. various verbs:

- in paludibus habitat, it dwells in swamps; [abl. sg.] in paludibus habitante, by dwelling in swamps.

- in paludibus crescit, it grows in swamps; in paludibus crescente, by growing in swamps.

- in paludibus occurrit, it occurs in swamps; in paludibus occurrente, by occurring in swamps.

- paludes amat,it loves swamps; paludes amante, by loving swamps.

- in paludibus incolit, it dwells in swamps; in paludibus incolente, by inhabiting swamps.

- in paludibus viget, it thrives in swamps; in paludibus vigente, by thriving in swamps.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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