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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Gynoecium, [obsol.: gynaecium], “the pistil, and all that belongs to it” (Lindley); “ the pistil or collective pistils of a flower; the female portion of a flower as a whole” (Fernald 1950); the female inflorescence; often used in reference to liverworts; “the aggregate of carpels or megasporophylls in the flower of a seed plant; the pistils; the female inflorescence in liverworts” (WIII); “the female gametoecium, consisting of archegonia and the surrounding bracts (perichaetium, q.v.); the female inflorescence” (Magill 1990): gynoecium,-ii (s.n.II), abl.sg. gynoecio, nom.& acc. pl. gynoecia, dat. & abl.pl. gynoeciis; pistillum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sing. pistillo; see androecium, carpel, perigonium, pistil;

- gynoecii carpella distincta v. toro carnoso immersa et ejus ope coalita (B&H), the carpels of the gynoecium separated or immersed in a fleshy torus and fused by its help.

- gynoecium 3-merum in Vochysiaceis, 3-5-merum in speciebus perpaucis aliorum Ordinum (B&H), the gynoecium in three parts in Vochysiaceae, 3-5-parted in a very few species of the other Orders.

- gynoecium integrum v. ssepius lobatum v. subapocarpum (B&H), the gynoecium entire or more often lobed or somewhat apocarpous [i.e. with the carpels free].

- Torus parvus v. in centro gynoecii conicus v. interdum ultra gynoecium productus et apice dilatatus, nec sub gynoecio elongatus nec dilatatus (B&H), the torus small or in the center of the gynoecium conic, extended beyond the gynoecium and dilated at the apex, neither elongate below the gynoecium nor dilated [there].

- gynoecii androecii et fructus structura in toto ordine uniformis est (B&H), the organization of the gynoecium, androecium and the fruit is uniform in the whole order.

- primo intuitu Berberideis palmatifoliis affine, abunde differt gynoecio dimero syncarpico (B&H), at first sight, related to the palmatifoliate Berberideae, it abundantly differs by the two-parted, syncarpic [i.e. with united carpels] gynoecium.

Carpel, “one of the structures in a seed plant comprising the innermost whorl of a flower, functioning as megasporophylls, and collectively constituting the gynoecium” (WIII): carpellum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. carpello, nom. & acc. pl. carpella.

Involucral scale: (in bryophytes) “scales of thalloid origin, surrounding a gynoecium; e.g. Pallavicinia” (Magill 1990): squama involucralis (adj.B), abl. sg. squama involucrali.

Pistil, the gynoecium, “the female part of a flower, consisting of ovary, style, stigma, and ovules: pistillum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg. pistillo, nom.& acc. pl. pistilla.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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