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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
gregarious, growing in company but not united or matted together; clustered, bundled; “growing in large colonies, associated but not matted. Colonial” (Fernald 1950); “growing together in loose tufts or mixed mats” (Magill 1990); “in companies or groups but not joined together” (Ainsworth & Bisby): gregarius,-a,-um (adj.A) [> L. grex, gregis (s.m.III), a flock, herd, swarm; a company, troop, society; “of things, a bundle;” opp. solitarius,-a,-um (adj.A): alone, by itself, solitary; opp. sparsus,-a,-um (part.A), sparse, scattered, dispersed, spread open or out; see caespitose, clustered; see colonial;

- Acaulon Sulivantii dioicum, gregarium, vesiculoso-globosum, Acaulon Sulivantii, dioicous, gregarious, vesiculose-globose.

- sphaerulae arcte gregariae, hinc inde coacervatae, globosae vel subovatae (S&A), the sphaerules closely colonial [i.e. in close groups], here and there heaped together, globose or subovate.

- Habitat ad culmos Arundinis Phragmitidis hinc inde, plerumque gregaria (S&A), it dwells here and there on the culms of Arundo Phragites, usually gregarious [in groups].

- gregariae ac parallelae occurrunt striae in culmis arundinaceis (Phragmitidis) vetustis emortuis hinc inde (S&A), in groups and also parallel streaks here and there on the old, dead culms of reeds (of Phragmites).

- Var. a [alpha], sparsa subgregariaque, in foliis aridis quercinis vulgaris (S&A), the variety [alpha], scattered and somewhat colonial, common on dry Oak leaves.

- ramos totos gregarius occupat Alni Rhamnique frangulae (S&A), colonial, it occupies whole branches of Alnus, Rhamnus frangula.

- rarius subsparsum; plerumque valde gregarium (S&A), more rare, somewhat scattered, usually strongly colonial.

- in radicibus caulibusque Brassicae siccis crebra ac gregaria provenit (S&A), it appears on the roots and dried stems of Brassica close and gregarious.

NOTE: “of or belonging to a flock or herd; of the common sort, common, as common soldiers, privates, in opp. to the officers” (Lewis & Short).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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