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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
glaucous, bluish-gray, ”covered with a fine bloom, like the Plum or the Cabbage-leaf” (Lindley); white or with a whitish, grayish or bluish overcast, such as on the waxy bloom of a plum, sea-green; “covered or whitened with a bloom” (Fernald 1950): glaucus,-a,-um (adj.A); see pruinate; see ‘bloom;’ glaucissimus,-a,-um (adj.A) superlative; appears to be less of a color than a surface [waxy, bluish-green bloom], the surface may not be smooth [ . Gk. glaukos,-E,-on (adj.), “gleaming, silvery (as the sea); bluish green gray, Lat. glaucus, ‘of the olive; esp. of the eyes ‘light blue or gray, Lat caesius (Liddell & Scott); see caesius,-a,-um (adj.A);

- fol. segmentis multipartitis obtusis subundulatis subtus glaucis pilosis (DeCandolle), with the segments of the leaves many-parted, obtuse, somewhat undulate, underneath glaucous, hairy.

- foliis oblongis subtus sericeis albido glaucis (DeCandolle), with the leaves oblong, underneath silky, from whitish [to] glaucous.

- herba elata, ramosa, glabra, glauca (B&H), herbs tall, branched, glabrous, glaucous.

- hеrЬаe hispidae v. glaucae, succo lacteo (B&H), herbs hispid or glaucous, with a milky sap.

- herbae annuae, glaberrimae, glaucae (B&H), extremely smooth, [with a bluish bloom].

- pinnis multijugis, (15-18) oppositis, glabris, inferne albido-glaucis (Swartz), with the pinnae in many pairs (15-18), opposite, glabrous, on the underside whitish-glaucous.

- folia supra glauca, inferne pubesccntia (Swartz), the leaves above glaucous, on the underside pubescent.

- foliis glabris mucronatis margine revolutis vix scabriusculis subtus glaucis (F.Mueller), with the leaves glabrous, mucronate, at the margin revolute, scarcely somewhat rough, underneath glaucous.

Glaux, gen. sg. Glaucis (s.f.III) "an ancient Greek name, from glaucos, sea-green" (Fernald 1950); Glaucium (Papaveraceae), Sea Poppy, a genus composed of “Herbae glaucae, succo croceo” (B&H), herbs glaucous with sap the color of the crocous (yellow).

NOTE: epithets such as Aster glaucescens S.F.Blake and Artemisia glaucina Krasch. ex Poljak, as well as ‘glaucophyllus’ and ‘glaucopsis’ may and probably do refer to a resemblance to the genus Glaux.
glaucous-; -glaucus,-a,-um (adj.A):

in L. comp. usu. glauci-;

- albidoglaucus , whitish-glaucous; atroglaucus, a dark- or blackish-glaucous; basiglaucus, glaucous at the base.

in Gk. comp. glauco-;

- amphiglaucus, glaucous on both sides; calliglaucus, beautifully glaucous; coleoglaucus, sky-blue; hologlaucus, completely glaucous or glaucous all over; hypoglaucus, somewhat glaucous, or glaucous underneath; lamproglaucus, a bright or shining glaucous; lissoglaucus, smooth and glaucous; tephroglaucus, ashy-glaucous, ashy blue-gray.

- glaucicolor, with a glaucous color; glaucifolius, glaucous-leaved; glaucifrons, with glaucous foliage; glaucovirens, glaucous-green.

in Gk. comp. glauco-;

- glaucanthus, with glaucous flowers; glaucocephalus, with glaucous heads; glaucophyllus, glaucous-leaved; glaucocarpus, glaucous-fruited; glaucochrous, with glaucous color.

Arctotis glaucophylla Jacq.

NOTE: glauciifolius, with leaves of sea poppy (Glaucium).

NOTE: glauceum,-i (s.n.II), “a bluish-colored plant, celandine, usually called glaucion” (Lewis & Short); glaucicomans,-antis (adj.B), with bluish-gray foliage, bluish-gray; glaucopis,-idis (s.f.III): gray-eyed, an epithet of Minerva), the owl.

Hieracium glaucum subsp. coleoglaucum, subsp. sky-blue

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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