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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Gland, “a secreting surface or structure; any protubrance or appendage having the appearance of such an organ” (Fernald 1950): glans,-andis (s.f.III), abl. sing. glande, nom.& acc. pl. glandes, gen. pl. glandium (i-stem), dat. & abl. pl. glandibus, lit. 'acorn;' glandula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sing. glandula, nom. pl. glandulae, dat. & abl. pl. glandulis; see acorn, nut; see glans,-andis (s.m.III) [> L. a glandular swelling on the neck];

"Despite past inconsistency and also the use, which is historically correct, of the term glans for an acorn or similar fruit and of glandula for the rostellar gland of Orchidaceae, it would seem best to apply glans to a secretory area or mass and the diminutive glandula to a single secretory cell or a few-celled isolated very small secretory organ; the use of the term glans for swellings without secretory functions should now be avoided" (Stearn);

- folium ad basem pari glandium praeditum, leaf at the base provided with a pair of glands

- glans hemisphaerica viscida viridis vel lutea, gland hemispherical sticky green or yellow.

- glande viridi vel lutea, with gland green or yellow.

- colleterae constant ex singulis glandulis terminantibus cellulas uniseriales cylindraceas, colleters (mucilaginous hairs) are made up from solitary glands terminating cylindric cells in one series.

- bracteae ut et rhachis inflorescentiae edicellique glandulis longiuscule stipitatis dense obsitae, bracts as also the rachis of the inflorscence and the pedicels with glands rather long stalked densely covered (Stearn).

Clathrophorum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. clathrophoro; nom. & acc. pl. clathrophora: clathrophores “Don’s term for the glands in the pitchers of Nepenthes” (Jackson).

Juglans,-andis (s.f.III), abl. sg. Juglande, Juglans L., Walnut {Juglandaceae), “name contracted from Jovis glans, the nut of Jupiter” (Fernald 1950).

NOTE: Lindley defines a papilla as a “soft, oblong, superficial gland;” glands, or glandulae are “wart-like swellings found on the surface of plants, or at one end of their hairs; they are extremely various in form” (Lindley).

NOTE: Nut, “a hard indehiscent pericarp, usually containing only one seed; the same as Glans, and Achaenium” (Lindley).

NOTE: nectarium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. nectario, q.v.: the nectary gland, the organ in which nectar is secreted.
gland-bearing, glandular, glanduliferous: glandifer,-ifera,-iferum (adj.A), glandulosus,-a,-um (adj.A); also ‘bearing acorns;’ adenophorus,-a,-um? to do

- colleterae a phytographis 'pili glanduliferi' nominatae sunt, colleters by plant-describers 'hairs glandule-bearing' are named.

- calyx extus glandulosus, calyx on the outside glandular.

- folia utrinque glandulosa, leaves on both sides glandular (Stearn).

stipitate-glandular, with stalked glands: stipitato-glandifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), stipitato-glandulosus, -a,-um (adj.A).
gland-like, having glands, full of glands: adenosus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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