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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Gaster,-teris (s.f.III), abl. sg. gastere; or gaster, gen.sg. gastri (s.m.II), abl. sg. gastro: belly, stomach to do; may be compounded in either Latin or Greek, but the Latin word derives from the Greek and most compounds are with Greek elements; = Latin: venter,-tris, q.v.; see stomach.

NOTE: Stearn indicated that “Gaster” was a feminine noun that could be declined in the third (like Tuber) or second (like Ager)declension. Most genera ending in -gaster are masculine (according to their epithets).
gaster, gen.sg. gasteris (s.[m.]f.III) belly, stomach.

stem: gaster-; compounds gaster-, gastero-
     singular    plural

Nom. gaster     gasteres 
Gen. gasteris   gasterum 
Dat. gasteri    gasteribus 
Acc. gasterem   gasteres 
Abl. gastere    gasteribus 
  Gasteromyces; Gasteromycetes

gaster, gen.sg. gastri (s.[m.]f.II) belly, stomach;  
    singular   plural 

Nom. gaster    gastri   
Gen. gastri    gastrorum        
Dat. gastro    gastris  
Acc. gastrum   gastros  
Abl. gastro    gastris 
Gastroboletus; Gastrosporium; Gastromycetes, the general name for puffballs and their allies, from 'gastro', meaning stomach: the spore-bearing surface is inside the fruiting body.

The fungus genus Melanogaster has masculine gender, as its epithets (ambiguus, variegatus, broomeianus) end in -us. Also Hymenogaster (arenarius, citrinus, griseus, luteus, muticus).
gaster-, gastero-, gastro-: in Gk. comp; -gaster,-teris (s.[m.]f.III) a noun in Greek compounds, 'belly' [> Gk. gaster (long eta), anatomical belly; a big-bellied vessel];

- Hemigaster; Hymenogaster; Hysterogaster; Phyllogaster; Phallogaster.

Phallogaster,-gastri (s.m.II), abl. sg. Phallogastro, apparently declined as a second declension masc.; P. saccatus Morgan.

Desmoscolex chaetogaster, a nematode; Drosophila melanogaster > Gk. melas ‘dark-colored’ + gastEr, belly, a fruit-fly.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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