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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Garlic: (in Latin) allium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. allio (also alium,-ii (s.n.II). As a taxonomic genus, Allium L., it comprises the onion, garlic and leek and other “strong-scented and pungent herbs of N. Hemisph.” (Fernald 1950). Allium sativum L., Garlic, or the gardeners (the epithet means ‘sown’), introduced from Europe. The Leek is Allium porrum L. Allium cepa L. is the common Onion; see ‘onion.’ In Gk. skorodon (s.n.II), galic = Lat. allium, “the root of which consists of several separate cloves (gelgithes), and is thus distinguished from the onion (krommYon) and leek (prason)” (Liddell & Scott, following Herodotos).

Nectaroscordum (s.n.II), > Gk. nektar, nectar + skorodon, garlic; “with reference to the large nectaries on the ovary” (Stearn 1996).
garlic-like, with the odor of garlic: alliaceus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- herba odore alliaceo etiam in sicco valde foetens, herb with garlic odor even in a dry state strongly smelling (Stearn).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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