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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
free, “not adnate to other organs” (Fernald 1950): liber,-era,-erum (adj.A), q.v. for declension, in fungi “(of gills or tubes), not fixed to the stem” (Ainsworth & Bisby); discretus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘separated, set apart, loose, distinct, q.v.; divided, separated, not coalescent;’ distinctus,-a,-um (part.A): separate, separated, not divided or fused, distinct; solutus,-a,-um (part.A), set free by dissolving, breaking up; segregatus,-a,-um (part.A) 'set apart, separated'; semotus,-a,-um (part.A), 'distant, far removed,' apertus,-a,-um (adj.A), open, of space; see separate; opp. adnatus,-a,-um (part.A): adnate, grown together;

- lamellae omnino liberae, basi stipitem non attingentes (or basi intervallo a stipite separatae), gills entirely free, at base the stipe not reaching (or at base by a gap from the stipe separated) (Stearn).

- lamellae liberae, basi attenuatae stipitem vix attingentes, gills free, at base narrow the stipe just reaching (Stearn).

- perianthio pistillato libero imbricato late patenti differt, it differs by the pistillate perianth free, imbricate widely spreading.

- stylus parte conjuncta parte libera triplo breviore, style with the connected part three times shorter than the free part.

- stamina indefinita, unilateralia v. peripherica, 2-oo-seriata,libera v. vix basi irregulariter coalita (B&H), stamens indefinite, on one side or peripheral, 2-[many]-seriate, free or scarcely at the base irregularly fused.

NOTE: the ‘e’ is not elided in the adjective as it is in the noun for ‘book’: liber, q.v.

- stamen vexillare liberum, the vexillar stamen free.
free-:

chori-: in Gk. comp., separate, free;

- choripetalus,-a,-um (adj.A): with petals distinct and unfused, choripetalus; syn. apopetalus,-a,-um (adj.A); syn. dialypetalus,-a,-um (adj.A); syn. polypetalus,-a, -um (adj.A); opp. gamopetalus,-a,-um (adj.A) = sympetalus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.

eleuther-, q.v., eleuthero; “In Greek compounds = distinct, separate” (Lindley), free, not united; opp. gam-, gamo-: in Gk. comp., united; with the union of like parts;

- eleutheropetalus,-a,-um (adj.A): eleutheropetalous “polypetalous, having free petals, choripetalous” (Jackson).

- [Adlumia] petala in tubum basi bigibbum apice 4-lobum, corollam eleutheripetalam Dicentrae mentientem, arcte coalita (B&H), petals tightly coalesced into a tube, bigibbous [i.e. with two swellings or enlargements] at the base, 4-lobed at the apex, the corolla with free [i.e. distinct or separated] petals measuring by [i.e. compared to] Dicentra. [note: Dicentra: petala 4, erecto-conniventia, petals four, erect-connivent [i.e. convergent].

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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