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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Follicle, a dry, dehiscent fruit formed from a single carpel (i.e. simple ovary), opening along one side (the fruit of legumes, also from a simple ovary, opens along two sides); “a fruit consisting os a single carpel, dehiscing by the ventral suture” (Fernald 1950): folliculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. folliculo, nom. pl. folliculi, acc. pl. folliculos, dat. & abl. pl. folliculis, 'a little sack or bag' [> L. dim. of follis,-is (s.m.III), a leather bag, bellows']; see pod;

- folliculi erecti pubescentes, reticulato-venosi vel etiam corrugati, stylis persistentibus 5 mm. longis inclusis 20 mm. longi, follicles erect pubescent, reticulately veined or even corrugated, with the persistent 5 mm. long styles included 20 mm. long (Stearn).

- folliculis fructum 7- 12 mm longis, with the follicles of the fruit 7-12 mm long.

- fructu aut capsularis et indehiscens, apice clausus v. hians, aut raro baccatus, aut e folliculis tot quot carpellis ovarii constans (B&H), fruit either capsular and indehiscent, closed at the apex or gaping, or rarely berry-like, or consisting of follicles as many as the carpels of the ovary.

- folliculis viridi-atris (glabris vel pilosis) (DeCandolle), with the follicles greenish-black (glabrous or with hairs).

- folliculis magnis longe stipatis extus glabris (F. Mueller), with the follicles large, long stalked, glabrous on the outside.

- folliculi ad 4 poll. longi solitarii v. rarius (ex eodem calyce) gemini (F. Mueller), the follicles to 4 inches long, solitary or very rarely (from the same calyx) paired.

- folliculus junior valde gibbus, maturus deest(F. Mueller), the younger follicle givvous, the mature one absent.

- folliculi, duo, graciles; alii ovales, incurvi; alii, utrinque basi lobum emittentes;. alii longitudinaliter dehiscentes, uniloculares , univalves; alii, ab ápice ad basin , in duas partes dividuntur (Necker), follicles two, slender; some oval, incurved; others on both side at the base sending out a lobe; others longitudinally dehiscent, unilocular, with one valve; others brom the apex to the base divided into two parts.

NOTE: a folliculus is “a kind of fruit, consisting of a single carpel, dehiscing by the ventral suture only” (Lindley).

NOTE: (mosses) Hedwig: folliculus spermaticus, pl. folliculi spermatici, the reproductive follicles = the antheridia; the filum succulentum, pl. fila succulenta, or succulent filaments are the paraphyses:

- flos masculus in summitate trunci disciformis, foliis perigonialibus extimis maximis recurvis, interspersis perquam numerosis folliculis spermaticis filisque succulentis ante explosionem breuioribus, subin longioribus, minutulis. the male flower at the summit of the trunk [i.e. the lower, unbranched part of the stem] disc-shaped, with the outermost perigonial leaves the most recurved, interspersed with with extremely numerous spermatic follicles [i.e. antheridia] and succulent filaments [i.e. paraphyses], shorter before the discharge, shortly afterwards longer, nearly minute.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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