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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Floret, a small flower; “ when many small flowers are collected in clusters or heads, each flower is called a floret. Florets of the disk, are those which occupy the center of the head of a Composite; on the other hand, florets of the ray occupy the circumference” (Lindley); “a small flower, one of a cluster, as in Compositae” (Jackson); one individual flower within a dense cluster, as a grass flower in a spikelet, or one flower in a panicle, or a flower of the Compositae (Asteraceae) in an involucrate head: flosculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. flosculo, nom. pl. flosculi, acc. pl. flosculos, dat.& abl. pl. flosculis;

- flosculos singulos infestans, infesting individual florets.

- pluribus flosculorum per capitulum, by the more [i.e. greater number or quantity] of florets per capitulum.

- flosculis pistillatis staminatisque paucioribus et brevioribus, with the florets pistillate and staminate fewer and shorter.

- flosculi staminiferi, 1-sepali, infundibuliformes (Necker), the stamen-bearing florets with one sepal, funnelshaped.

- sépala flosculorum centralium aqualia; marginalium inaequalia (Necker), the sepals of the central florets equal; of the marginal ones unequal.

- mares, flosculorum androgynorum, in centro fructificationis; feminae, in ambitu (Necker), the males of the androgynous florets, in the center of the fructification; the females on the periphery.

radiatiformis,-e (adj.B): having outer florets of the capitulum larger than those of the disc but not ligulate (Stearn).

Corollet: “a floret of a Composite” (Jackson); see corollula,-ae (s.f.I).

Corollula,-ae (s.f.I): “floret of a head, as in Compositae” (Jackson).

Coronula,-ae (s.f.I), q.v., “a diminutive of corona, a floret” (Jackson);

- [Brauneria] semina marginalia nulla; centralia, coronulà dentata terminata (Necker), marginal seeds none; central, terminated with a dentate floret.

dichogamous, hermaphrodite with one sex earlier to mature than the other, the stamens and pistils not synchronizing; “when the florets of an inflorescence are of two separate sexes” (Lindley): dichogamicus,-a,-um (adj.A); dichogamus,-a,-um (adj.A).

Ligula,-ae (s.f.I): “a strap. The radiant florets of certain Composites” (Lindley).

Ray floret, in Compositae: flosculus,-i (s.m.II) radialis (adj.B), abl.sg. flosculo radiali.

Tubular floret, “in Compositae a disk or regular floret” (Jackson): flosculus,-i (s.m.II) tubularis (tubulatus), abl. sg. flosulo tubulari (tubulato).

NOTE: elytriculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. elytriculo: “(obs.) a floret” (Lindley); see elytrichulus,-i (s.m.II).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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