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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
fistulosus,-a,-um (adj.A): fistulose, fistular, fistulous, “this is said of a cylindrical or terete body which is hollow, but closed at each end, as the leaves and stems of the Onion” (Lindley); i.e. hollow throughout, like a pipe, but closed at ends; may resemble or be associated with ‘junceus,’ rush-like, in the hollow stems of Juncus species; cf. perfossus, tubulosus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- caule simplici, fistuloso, basi stuposo (B&H), stem unbranched, hollow, stupose [with tow-like fibers] at the base [Brossardia].

- arbuscula parva trunco fistuloso, cortice amarissimo (B&H), a small treelet, with a hollow trunk, with the bark very bitter.

- petiolo in vaginam valde inflato, caulibus fistulosis (Boissier), with the petiole strongly inflated into a sheath, with the stems hollow.

- caulibus teretibus simplicibus fistulosis (F.Mueller), with the stems round, unbranched, hollow.

- folia angusta, haud raro laxe fenestrato-venosa subpellucida v. fistolosa (B&H), the leaves narrow, not rarely laxly window-like- veined, somewhat pellucid or hollow.

- stipitibus longis adscendentibus subcompressis laevibus fistulosis (S&A), with the stipes long, ascending, somewhat compressed, smooth, hollow.

- gregaria, subcaespitosa, fistulosa, longissima, juncea, subfiliformis, exacte teres, erecta, nunc strictior , nunc laxior (S&A), [fungus] gregarious, almost sod-forming, hollow, very long, rush-like, almost filiform, strictly terete, erect, sometimes more congested, sometimes in a looser arrangement.

- stipite longiusculo laevi fistuloso sursum incrassato carneo (S&A), with the stipe somewhat long, smooth, hollow, upwardly thickened, flesh-colored.

Lacunae (pl.f.I) fistulosae (adj.A), abl. pl. lacunis fistulosis: lacunae that occupy the center of the stalk, and render it hollow like a flute. Gramineae. (S.F.Gray); see lacuna,-ae (s.f.I).

NOTE: classically, fistulose was “pipe-shaped, full of holes, porous (Lewis & Short): densitas spongiae, the density of a sponge.

Allium fistulosum, from the short, thick and hollow scape; note that many species of the genus Allium have fistulose, hollow leaves while other species have leaves plane, flat or keeled (not hollow); Solidago fistulosa “hollow and cylindric” (Fernald 1950).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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