www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects
 
Introduction


Browse by Keyword


Search


Abbreviations


Bibliography


Resources


A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Filament, strand: filum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. filo, nom. & acc. pl. fila, dat. & abl. pl. filis; filamentum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. filamento, nom. & acc. pl. filamenta, dat. & abl. pl. filamentis; (obs.) the filament of a stamen, the thrum or thrumb (Jackson); “the part of a stamen which supports the anther; any thread-like body” (Fernald 1950); “1. the stalk of an anther, the thread-like stem; 2. any thread-like body” (Jackson); (in fungi) “a fine thread; a term loosely used for a hypha or any other simple, thread-like element of fungous structures” (S&D).

NOTE: filamentum,-i (s.n.II) is used both for the filaments of stamens and the vegetative filaments of Algae, filum,-i (s.n.II) only for the vegetative filaments of Algae (Stearn) [> L. filamentum, > LL. filare, to spin + L. -mentum, the result of spinning]; see fibra,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. fibra, 'fiber;' see filum,-i (s.n.II); see thread; see thrum;

NOTE: The lichen body is formed from filaments of the fungal [opp. algal] partner, and the relative density of these filaments defines the layers within the lichen [i.e. cortex, medulla and their variations].

- filamenta simplicia fere per longitudinem aequabiliter 4 um crassa, filaments simple almost throughout their length evenly 4 um thick.

- alga filamentis erectis parallelis vel intricatis fragilibus a basi ad apicem gradatim angustatis, alga with filaments erect parallel or entangled fragile from base to tip gradually narrowed (Stearn).

- filamenta costalia aream per laminas inclusam dense implentia, costal filamenta densely filling the area enclosed by the laminae.

- subiculum e filamentis longis firmiusculis dilute flavis arcte intertextis satis crasse ac solide compexum (S&A), the subiculum of long filaments rather firm, dilute yellow, closely interwoven quite thickly and solidly combed together.

- substantia stuposo -fibrosa , e filamentis longiusculis evidenter contexta (S&A), the flesh tow-like-fibrous, evidently constructed from rather long filaments.

- filamenta 4, brevissima, summo tubo affixa (Swartz), filaments 4, very short, attached to the summit of the tube.

- filamenta 3, fertilia, sinu calycis inserta, adscendentia, subulata, a medio ad basin connata, arcuata, filamentis 7 sterilibus intermixtis brevissimis (Swartz), filaments [i.e. of the stamens] 3, fertile, inserted in the sinus of the calyx, ascending, subulate, fused from the middle to the base, arcuate, intermixed with 7 sterile, very short filaments.

- antherae innatae, connectivo cum filamento continuo (B&H), the anthers innate [i.e. borne at the apex of the supporting part], the connective continuous with the filament.

Capillamentum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. capillamento: “(obs.) the filament” (Lindley), “the filament of an anther” (Jackson);

- capillamenta apice bifurca ex utroque latere petalorum (DeCandolle), the capillament bifurcate at the apex and on both sides of the petals.

Filament Mycelium = Fibrous Mycelium, “when the hyphae form long branching strands” (Jackson): mycelium (s.n.II) fibrosum (adj.A), abl. sg. mycelio fibroso.

Filament Sporophore: “a simple sporophore” (Jackson): sporophorum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. sporophoro [sporophorum simplex (adj.B), abl. sg. sporophoro simplici].

Filament Thallus: = Fruticose Thallus, “a Lichen having a shrub-like thallus” (Jackson): thallus,-i (s.m.II) fruticosus (adj.A), abl. sg. thallo fruticoso.

Fungus,-i (s.m.II) filamentosus, abl. sg. fungo filamentoso: “filament fungus, “growth form of a branched hypha without union with other hyphae” (Jackson).

Filamenta (nom.pl.) ostiolaria (adj.A), abl. pl. filamentis ostiolariis: “delicate colorless threads lining the perithecium round the epithecium of Verrucaria” (Jackson): Verrucaria , a genus of fungi Verrucariaceae); synonymous with Trimmatothele Norman ex Zahlbr.

Pediculus,-i (s.m.II) antherae [gen.sg. anthera,-ae (s.f.I), the anther], abl. sg. pediculo antherae: “the filament” (Lindley) (pediculus is a synonym of pedicel, q.v.

Stipellus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. stipello, is “a synonym of the filament of an anther’ (Jackson).

NOTE: filamentum is used both for the filaments of stamens and the vegetative filaments of Algae, - filum only for the latter; cf. stamen (Stearn).

NOTE: in algae trichome, q.v., may be used for ‘filament;’

- trichomatibus cum filis leptothrichoideis ramosis intermixtis (Wood), with the filaments intermixed with branched leptothrix filaments.

- trichomatibus flexuoso-curvatis, sublaxe implicatus, pallide aerugineis (Wood), with the filaments flexuously curved, rather laxly implicate, pale greenish.

- trichomatibus laxe intricatis varie curvatis, articulis globosis vel saepius ellipticis, plerumque medio pellucidulis, laxe connexis; cellulis perdurantibus terminalibus vel interjectis (Wood), with the filaments laxly intricate, variously curved; joints globose or often elliptical, mostly in the center somewhat pellucid, loosely connected; heterocysts terminal or interspersed.

- trichomatibus laxe intricatis varie curvatis, articulis globosis vel saepius ellipticis, plerumque medio pellucidulis, laxe connexis (Wood), with the filaments loosely intricate, variously curved; joints globose or often elliptical, mostly in the center somewhat pellucid, loosely connected.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
© 1995-2017 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support