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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Field, “a land area free of woodland, cities, and towns: open country ... an area of cleared enclosed land used for cultivation or pasture” (WIII): see fell field; see campus,-i (s.m.II); see farm, grassland; see ‘plot of ground;’ see meadow; see plain (level ground); see farm;

ager, gen. sing. agri (s.m.II), abl. sing. agro, dat. & abl. pl. agris, 'cultivated land, whether arable or pasture, as opposed to the wild;' ‘improved or productive land, a field, whether pasture, arable, nursery ground, or anything of the kind;’ (Lewis & Short); syn. rus,-gen.sg. ruris (s.n.III), lands, fields; opp. the seges,-etis (s.f.III) which is a field with a standing crop;

- in agris inundatis, irriguis, paludosis, uliginosis, in fields flooded, irrigated, swampy, marshy.

arva,-ae (s.f.I): (sc. terra): an arable field, corn (wheat) field.

arvum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sing. arvo, dat. & abl. pl. arvis, 'arable land as opposed to pasture; 'ploughed field;' opp. seges,-etis (s.f.III) which is a field with a standing crop;

- in arvis lapidis, siccis, in stoney, dry (arable) fields.

campus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. campo, a flat spot, a plain, grassland, meadow,'of any open, level land, without reference to cultivation or use, an even, flat place, a plain, field' (Lewis & Short); see campus,-i (s.m.II).

culta,-orum (pl.n.II), abl. pl. cultis: cultivated land;

- in cultis, in cultivated areas.

fallow field:

- terra,-ae (s.f.I) novalis, abl. sg. terra novali, fallow land or field: noun: novalis,-is (s.f.III), abl. sg. novale.

- solum novale (adj.B), abl. sg. solo novali, fallow land or field: noun: novale,-is (s.n.III), abl. sg. novale.

- In terra argillosa praeprimis novalium Sardiniae, Siciliae, agri Neapolitani et Romani (C. Mueller), in clayey soil primarily of the fallow fields of Sandinia, Sicily, of the Naples region and Rome.

pascuum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg. pascuuo: pasture;

- amat species vulgaris pratorum ac pascuorum sicciora, gramine tenui vestita (S&A), the common species loves the drier places of meadows and pastures, [these] clothed with a thin grass.

pratum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. prato, ‘meadow, a low, flat area covered with grass, suitable for cutting hay, grassland, rarely pasture;

- in pratis inundatis, in inundated meadows.

rus, gen. sg. ruris (s.n.III), acc. sg. rus, abl. sg. rure, nom. & acc. pl. rura, dat. & abl. pl. ruribus: countryside, lands, fields; syn. ager, gen. sing. agri (s.m.II), abl. sg. agro: land in cultivation;

- rura vitea, lands planted with vines.

- rura pomis obsita, fields covered over with fruit [sc. trees].

seges,-etis (s.f.III), abl.sg. segete: a grain (corn or wheat) field; also field of flax (Linum); the standing grain, growing crop (opp. arvum,-i (s.n.II) which has been ploughed but not yet sown);

- inter segetes et in ruderatis Europae austr. (DeCandolle), amid the wheat fields and in waste ground of Southern Europe.

- in Aegypto vulgatissima inter Lini segetes (DeCandolle), very common in Egypt amid the fields of flax.

versura,-ae (s.f.I)): ploughed, as fields, “the turning-place, turn at the end of a furrow” (Lewis & Short [> L. verto];

- in agris versuris et oleraceis Europae occid. et austr. (DeCandolle), in ploughed and vegetable fields of western and southern Europe.

NOTE: 'field', such as a gland-field (cluster of glands): consocies glandularum; see consocies.

NOTE: 'field' material, see 'fresh' material.
Field, small; a plot of land, plot of ground: agellulus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. agellulo, ‘a very small piece of ground, a tiny field or plot of land;’ agellus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. agello, ‘a small piece of ground, a little field, plot of land;’ area,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. area, ‘ground, plot of ground;’ tabula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. tabula,‘ a bed or plot of ground in a vineyard;’ see bed, field, garden.

Napina,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. napina, also rapina,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. rapina: a turnip-bed.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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