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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

ferens,-entis (part.B): carrying, bearing; enduring [> L. fero, tuli, latum, inf. ferre, irreg. 3, carry, bear, bring; to endure; to carry, bear, bring; to carry off; to ravage; (agricult.) to produce, yield; to be pregnant, to give birth to, bear; to offer; to get, acquire, receive; to suffer, endure; to lead, conduct, escort; to disclose, show; to require, necessitate; to allow, permit; to report; to extol; to resist (Follett);cf. gerens,-entis (part.B); see bearing; see producing; see having;

NOTE: -fer,-era,-erum (adj. A), q.v., and -ferus,-a,-um (adj.A), in Latin comp., -bearing, q.v., also 'producing', q.v.;

NOTE: -ferens,-entis (adj.A), may be used as a suffix, similar to -fer,-era,-erum (adj.A): frugiferens,-entis: fruitful, fertile, fruit-bearing.

Hieracium astraferens, Hieracium denticuliferens, Hieracium linguiferens; Phyllanthus epiphylliferens; Crataegus frugiferens

fert: 3d. pers. sg. pres. act. indic [he,she] it bears, carries; it endures;

- folia autumno decidua hyemem Europae australis sub dio laete fert (DeCandolle), the leaves deciduous in autumn, it vigorously endures the winter of southern Europe under the open sky [i.e. unprotected].

fertur: third-person singular present passive indicative; “it is said (or reported);

- [MARANTA arundinacea]. Anglis vulgo “Arrowroot.” Apud Indianos in usu esse fertur, contusa, videlicet vulneribus ex sagittis venenatis admota (Swartz), with the English commonly [called] “Arrowroot.” By the Indians it is reported to be in use [i.e. their custom], namely ground, applied to wounds from poisoned arrows.

ferunt: third-person plural present active indicative; they (i.e. people) say;

ferre: present active infinitive of ferō, to bear, bring, carry

- jugis interioribus nudis aut alae rudimentum ferentibus (Boissier), with the inner ridges naked or bearing the vestige of wings.

- interdum appendix ex apice loculi ad latus alae crassius adest, et alterius loculi abortivi signum fert (DeCandolle), sometimes an appendage is more thickly present from the apex of the locule to the side of the wing, and carries the mark of the other abortive locule.

- ramulis capillaceis utriculos varie dispositos ferentibus, with capillaceous branchlets bearing utricles variously arranged.

- pedicelli validi ca. 8 mm longi quisque bracteam foliaceam anguste lanceolatam ovarium amplectentem ferens, pedicels stout, around 8 mm long, each bearing a narrowly lanceolate foliaceous bract clasping the ovary.

- torus brevis v. elongatus, carpella extrorsum ferens (B&H), torus short or elongate, bearing carpells externally.

- discus cupulatus v. annulatus, liber v. stamina et petala apice ferens, (B&H), disc cupulate or annulate, free of bearing stamens and petals at the apex.

- cupula staminea apice stamina 2 0 - 3 0 omnia fertilia ferens (B&H), stamineal cupula at the apex bearing 20-30 stamens, all fertile.

- ramis linearibus extrorsum antheras 6-12 oblongo-lineares adnatas longitudinaliter 2-seriatas ferentibus (B&H), with linear branches bearing externally 6-12 oblong-linear anthers adnate, longitudinally in 2-series.

- columna staminea nunc brevissime cupulata, nunc elongata, apice staminodia 5 ligulaeformia ferens (B&H), the stamineous column sometimes very shortly cupulate, sometimes elongate, bearing at the apex 5 strap-shaped staminodes.

- spiculae foemineae utriculus usque ad os 2-dentatum clausus; rhachilla exserta, apice glumas vacuas v. flores masculos ferens (B&H), the utriculus of the female spikelet closed as far as the 2-toothed mouth; the rhachilla exserted, bearing at the apex empty glumes or male flowers.

- tubo apice in dentes seu lacinias ligulatas (staminodia) 5 cum petalis alternantes diviso, ad sinus inter staminodia antheras solitarias v. 2-5 rarissime oo extrorsum stipitatas v. subsessiles ferente (B&H), with the tube at the apex divided into 5 teeth or ligulate lacinia (staminodia) alternate with the petals, at the sinus [among] the staminodia bearing solitary or 2-5 very rarely indeterminate externally stipitate or subsessile anthers.

- innovatio e duobus internodiis constans, quarum alterum breve duo cataphylla (Nieder-blaetter Germanorum) opposita cito decidua, alterum longum duo euphylla (Laubblaetter Germanorum) fert, new shoot composed of two internodes, of which the short one bears two opposite deciduous [i.e. quickly falling] cataphylls (Niederblaeter of the Germans), the other two true leaves (Laubblaetter of the Germans) (Stearn) [‘fert’ = ‘it bears’]

NOTE: prae se ferrens, “to show, manifest, to let be seen, to declare, display;”

- non mediocres terrores...prae se fert et ostentat, not mediocre terrors does it reveal and put on display.

- oratio prae se fert felicissimam facilitatem; the oration shows a most happy fluency.

- [moss] nota gravissima tribum sistens folii areolatio est, ubique typice constans et in subtribu tantum singula mutata, sed etiam hic typum pristinum saepe [prae se ferens], ut areolatio Orthotrichi Sprucei, Zygodontis conoidei et al. ad Pottias ipsissimas rediit (C. Mueller), the most important distinguishing feature standing for the tribe is the areolation of the leaf, that is everywhere typically constant and a subtribe is only changed in a single instance, but even here the original model [often displays itself], as the areolation of Orthotrichum Sprucei, Zygodon conoideus and others, represents to the Pottias.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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