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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Fecundatio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. fecundatione; also foecundatio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. foecundatione: fertilization; cf. anthesis,-is (s.f.III), the period during which the flower is open;

- varietates e fecundatione artificiali ortae, varieties derived from artificial fertilization (Stearn).

- stylus post fecundationem excentricus vel lateralis, style after fertilization excentric or lateral.

- ovula anatropa, micropyle infera, v. in Lardizabaleis nonnullis, usque ad fecundationem orthotropa (B&H), ovule anatropous, with the micropyle lower [i.e. inferior], or in some Lardizabaleae, up until fertilization, orthotropous.

- scapus [femineus] primum erectus elongatus, per anthesin spiraliter contractus submersus, post fecundationem iterum emersum fructum maturans(B&H), the female scape at first erect, elongate, throughout anthesis spirally contracted, partially exposed [partly submerged], after fertilization the maturing fruit once more emersed [partly emergent].

- (moss) acumine post germinis foecundationem ulterius evoluto, in perichaetio limbum linearem efformante foliis (DozyMoek); with the acumen further developed after the fertilization of the ovary, in the perichaetium producing a linear limb.

- (algae) sporae verae germinantes simplices quaternatim in cellulis matricalibus primariis (singulatim in secundariis)intra organa composita: Florideae („sphaerosporae” foecundatione egentes?), Musci, Hepaticae, Filices, Equiseto etc. (foecundatione carentes) (Braun); true germinating spores, simple [i.e. not compound] in fours in primary mother cells (singly in secondary cells) within compound organs: in the Florideae (“sphaerospores” lacking fertilization?), the Mosses, Hepaticae, Ferns, Equiseta, etc. (lacking fertilization).

- (algae) Cornu antheram credit Vaucherius & foecundationem in Vaucheriis ut in plantis phaenogamis fieri. Vix bene. Cornua pedicellos esse abortivos vel steriles judico, (Agardh), Vaucherius supposes the horn [i.e. horn-like process] to be an anther and the fertilization in the Vaucheriae as it might be in phaenogamous plants. Hardly well [i.e. not convincing]. I judge the horns to be abortive or sterile pedicels.

NOTE: caprification, “a fertilisation of flowers by the aid of insects; as that of the garden Fig by a small fly” (Lindley); “2. the fertilization of the fig by insects, branches of the wild fig being placed among the cultivated kind; the subsequent fertilization is attributed to the punctures of an hymenopterous insect; 2. fecundation by artificial means” (Jackson): caprificatio,-onis (s.f.I), abl. sg. caprificatione.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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